Owing to the differences in China's regional development level, ecological resources situation, etc, so the eco-compensation practical work also has certain regional difference. Eco-compensation's compensation types, benefit bodies (who compensate, compensate to whom), compensation standard (how much should be compensated), compensation form, compensation way and channel are the keys issues for eco-compensation research and practice work. There are great provincial differences in eco-compensation's practice situation in China. 1) In the aspect of eco-compensation types, involving synthesizing eco-compensation, forest eco-compensation, wetland eco-compensation, garbage disposal eco-compensation, watershed eco-compensation and other types, great provincial differences also exist. 2) In the aspect of eco-compensation standard, Beijing, Guangdong and other wealthy provinces had relative high eco-compensation standard, while Xinjiang, Tibet, Gansu, Guizhou and other poor provinces had relative low standard. 3) In the aspect of eco-compensation way and channel, transfer payment from the exchequer was mainly adopted, compensation fee, resource value fee and resource tax, were applied more or less in some provinces. 4) In the aspect of eco-compensation form, central government's transfer payment from the exchequer and provincial government's compensation for eco-protector, are the two main ways. 5) In the aspect of benefit bodies,"central government-local government, local government-peasant household"are the main bodies, which existed in every province, and the bodies of"enterprise-local government, enterprisepeasant household"are the supplement. The provincial differences of eco-compensation in China were closely related to national policy, eco-environment situation, eco-resource endowment and geographical distribution, eco-environmental protection enthusiasm, social and economic development level, public's understanding on eco-resource value, regional geographical environment and etc. With regard to the provincial difference of eco-compensation in China, we should not only realize the objectivity of its subsistent, but also take steps to control and concert.