Current Issue

  • Select all
    |
    Research on China's Tourism Resources in the New Era
  • Research on China's Tourism Resources in the New Era
    ZHU He, GAO Xiang-yu, ZHANG Sheng-rui, ZHANG Tong-yan
    Download PDF ( ) HTML ( )   Knowledge map   Save

    The cognition of tourism resources is the basic work of the development of tourism industry. Traditional research and development of tourism resources usually rely on the development of single unit, and neglect the aggregation characteristics and combined value of resources. This study focuses on the regional tourism resources combination, and reorganizes the relevant research basis of regional tourism resources combination under the context of national strategic orientation and tourism development needs in the New Era. For the value transformation and sustainable utilization of tourism resources, the connotation of regional tourism resources combination is analyzed from the aspects of regional characteristics, combined characteristics and value characteristics. Combining with knowledge mapping, text analysis, image analysis and other technologies, this paper puts forward the identification ideas, methods and techniques of regional tourism resources combination. It sums up five key problems of the regional tourism resources combination: the principle and basis of the division, the mode and method, the evaluation system, the path of value transformation, and the guarantee system. Going forward, we will endeavor to advance the theoretical research and practical exploration of regional tourism resource combination.

  • Research on China's Tourism Resources in the New Era
    ZOU Yong-guang, LEI Zhen-xian, LIAO Jin-jin, LI Yuan
    Download PDF ( ) HTML ( )   Knowledge map   Save

    Loss of sustained attention to tourism resources is the phenomenon of reduced or shifted attention to tourism resources, which is important for enhancing the risk-resistant ability of tourism resources. Based on the big data of online public opinion and the comprehensive use of sentiment analysis, LDA theme model, fuzzy qualitative comparative analysis and other research methods, the study explores the factors and paths that affect the loss of sustained attention to tourism resources based on the establishment of comprehensive evaluation indexes to measure the loss of sustained attention to tourism resources. The study found that: (1) The loss of sustained attention of tourism resources is characterised by volatility, but tends to be stable internally. (2) During the study period, the loss of sustained attention of Zibo, Hongyadong, and Harbin Ice and Snow Festival showed a decreasing trend, the loss of sustained attention of Chaka Salt Lake, Beer Festival, Impression Liu Sanjie, and Da Song Qianguo Love showed an increasing trend, and the loss of sustained attention of Datang Nocturnal City showed an increasing trend followed by a decreasing trend. (3) The loss of sustained attention of tourism resources is influenced by the interaction of tourism supply, market demand, new media communication and other factors, and the paths that form the low loss of sustained attention of tourism resources are product innovation and media marketing. The results of the study provide theoretical reference for understanding the inner logic of the sustainable development of tourism resources in the new media era, and provide practical guidance for effectively matching public service supply, and improving resource quality and promotion.

  • Research on China's Tourism Resources in the New Era
    WANG Si-ya, SUN Jiu-xia
    Download PDF ( ) HTML ( )   Knowledge map   Save

    Current research on tourism resource development predominantly focuses on the economic attributes of resources and their economic transformation effects on products or industries, with limited attention to the social attributes and social effects of these resources. This paper conducts a comparative study of three rural communities in the circum-Erhai Lake region of Yunnan province with varying degrees of tourism involvement. The study explores the community heterogenization effects of tourism resource development and the bidirectional driving mechanisms between tourism resource development and community heterogenization. The research findings are as follows: Firstly, distinct from other rural resource development models, tourism resource development leads to both vertical economic heterogenization and horizontal group heterogenization among homogeneous village communities. Secondly, there is a bidirectional driving mechanism between tourism resource development and community heterogenization. On the one hand, tourism resource development brings about the transformation of resource value, establishing a link between "natural resources" and "social resources," resulting in the attraction of material wealth and population groups. On the other hand, community heterogenization creates internal tension among resource users, fostering diversified and systematic resource utilization methods, thereby promoting the integration of resource types and the enlargement of resource categories. Under the dual influence of external market and internal community drivers, tourism resources are developed and redeveloped, exhibiting value amplification and category enlargement effects.

  • Research on China's Tourism Resources in the New Era
    CHENG Jin-hong, WANG Zheng, CHENG Zhan-hong
    Download PDF ( ) HTML ( )   Knowledge map   Save

    To achieve carbon neutrality and promote the sustainable development of hotels, it is very important to study the differences of hotel practitioners' low-carbon cognition and behavior. The principal component analysis, coupling coordination degree, paired sample T-test and geographic detector were used to study the differences and influencing factors of low-carbon cognition and behavior of hotel practitioners in Wutai Mountain Scenic Spot. The results showed that: (1) The low-carbon cognition and behavior of hotel practitioners involved six dimensions: low-carbon diet, low-carbon accommodation, low-carbon management, low-carbon cycle, low-carbon service and low-carbon supply. The influencing factors included seven factors: man-land view, climate change view, carbon neutrality knowledge and mode, ecological culture, low-carbon service cost, low-carbon social atmosphere and policy, low-carbon facilities and conditions. (2) According to star-rated of hotel, the hotel practitioners were divided into four groups: five-star, four-star, three-star, below three-star and homestay practitioner. The level of cognition showed a gradual decline. (3) There were significant differences in the low-carbon cognition and behavior of hotel practitioners. In terms of low-carbon cognition, the four groups were all lagging behind in the cognition of low-carbon diet, while in terms of low-carbon behavior, they were lagging behind in the behavior of low-carbon supply, low-carbon accommodation, low-carbon management, low-carbon cycle and low-carbon service. (4) According to the difference of coupling coordination, the practitioners of five-star had intermediate coordination in the dimensions of low-carbon accommodation, cycle and supply, while the dominant factors were the man-land view, low-carbon facilities and conditions. The practitioners of four-star were the primary coordination in supply dimension, while the intermediate coordination were accommodation and cycle dimension. The main driving force was low-carbon facilities and conditions, costs of low-carbon service, carbon neutrality knowledge and mode. The practitioners of three-star were primary coordination on supply dimension, while the dimensions of accommodation and cycle were intermediate coordination. The main factors were ecological culture, carbon neutrality knowledge and mode. The practitioners below three-star and homestay were primary coordination in the dimensions of cycle and supply. The main influencing factors were costs of low-carbon service, low-carbon social atmosphere and policy.

  • Research on China's Tourism Resources in the New Era
    WANG Yu-qing, LI Yu-feng, XU Wei, JIA Yue, ZHANG Yue, LIU Hong-yu
    Download PDF ( ) HTML ( )   Knowledge map   Save

    A comprehensive understanding of tourism ecological carrying capacity was pivotal in guiding sustainable development of regional tourism. In this paper, we proposed a "multi-scale fusion" method for delineating evaluation units and introduced a "carrier-load" perspective to establish a novel tourism ecological carrying capacity evaluation framework. Taking the coastal counties of Jiangsu province as an example, we applied the proposed evaluation unit division and tourism ecological carrying capacity assessment approach. The results were as follows: (1) By employing the multi-scale fusion approach, the coastal region of Jiangsu province was divided into 4.9×105 evaluation units spanning across seven spatial scales. (2) The division of evaluation units revealed significant differences in the performance of tourism ecological carriers and tourism load evaluation indicators across various spatial scales. (3) The tourism ecological carrying capacity of the coastal counties in Jiangsu exhibited a gradual weakening trend from the sea towards the land, with the majority of areas facing a potential risk of exceeding their carrying capacity. This paper broke through the limitations of traditional evaluation unit scales and the "threshold" constraint on tourism ecological carrying capacity, aiming to provide new theoretical and methodological references for regional evaluation unit delineation and tourism ecological carrying capacity assessment.

  • Research on China's Tourism Resources in the New Era
    WEI Man, HUANG Tai
    Download PDF ( ) HTML ( )   Knowledge map   Save

    Rural tourism destination is the key area to promote urban-rural integration and achieve common prosperity. Accurately grasping the multidimensional characteristics of county urban-rural integration development and systematically analyzing its mechanism of promoting the common prosperity of rural tourism destinations, is conducive to enriching the theoretical system of urban-rural common prosperity in the New Era. Therefore, based on symbiosis theory, this paper constructs a theoretical framework to examine the influence mechanism of urban-rural integration development on the common prosperity of rural tourism destinations. This theoretical framework is composed of the chain causality of "symbiotic unit-symbiotic environment-symbiotic result-symbiotic effect-symbiotic purpose". Based on this framework, this paper makes an empirical analysis of 60 typical rural tourism counties in the Yangtze River Delta region. The results show that: (1) Although rural tourism can continuously deepen the symbiotic relationship between urban and rural areas and enhance the common prosperity level of rural tourism destinations, it is characterized by unbalanced development and forms a "core-edge" spatial development layout. (2) The county urban-rural integration development can linearly promote the common prosperity of rural tourism destinations. And through the cultivation of tourism talents, the expansion of tourism market, the integration of space and landscape, and the allocation of tourism resources, new symbiotic energy is formed to enhance the promotion effect. Among them, because the countryside is in the period of material wealth accumulation, the tourism market expansion mechanism to improve residents' income level has the highest mediating promotion effect. (3) In urban-rural symbiotic units of different city sizes, the symbiotic environment of population, land and industry is differentiated and integrated to promote the common prosperity. Compared with small and medium-sized cities, the promotion effect of big cities is higher. On the one hand, big cities take industry as the core symbiotic environment, and activate the tourism market and cultivate tourism talents under the advantage of population size. On the other hand, small and medium-sized cities take population as the core symbiotic environment, and the utilization efficiency of rural tourism resources is effectively improved after population return. Therefore, large, medium and small cities can realize the common prosperity of rural tourism destinations. In brief, county urban-rural integration development has become a practical starting point to promote common prosperity. Based on the development scenario of rural tourism, this paper provides forward-looking thinking for major national practical problems.

  • Research on China's Tourism Resources in the New Era
    LI Yun-yun, LIU Hao-long, LIU Jun
    Download PDF ( ) HTML ( )   Knowledge map   Save

    This study aims to integrate phenology research theories, methods, and data into the fields of tourism and climate change. Using first flowering date and last flowering date of 18 species during 1973-1996 and 2003-2012 in two phenological observation sites (Beibei and Renshou) from China Phenological Observation Network, and over 800 data records of the date on blossom viewing festival during 1987-2014 from authoritative newspapers in the study area, the impact of climate change on blossom viewing tourism and human adaptive behavior was assessed by methods of time series analysis and correlation analysis. The results showed that: (1) Climate change generally has positive impacts on blossom viewing activities in Sichuan and Chongqing, China. It extended the blossom viewing season length for 50% (9 species) of plants, and shortened it for 27.8% (5 species) of plants. Among the preferred viewing species in China, climate change was found to benefit the blossom viewing and tourism activities of camellia and mountain peach, but had a detrimental effect on purple magnolia. (2) Air temperature emerged as the primary factor influencing the blossom viewing season length. An increase of 1 ℃ in air temperature one month prior to the flowering date extended the blossom viewing season length by 5.99-7.57 days or shortened it by 1.99 days. Similarly, 1 ℃ increase in air temperature three months before the flowering date extended the blossom viewing season length by 4.41-11.71 days or shortened it by 2.26-4.99 days. (3) 50% of the organizers of blossom viewing activities were unaware of the impact of climate change and had not implemented appropriate strategies to adapt to it. Additionally, 50% of the festival dates were adjusted based on changes in air temperature. The study recommends adopting a scientific approach that adjusts the dates of blossom viewing festivals according to phenological dynamics. The study's findings offer a scientific foundation for directing the public and tourists in engaging in blossom viewing tourism. Additionally, they contribute to the scientific planning of plant landscapes in tourist destinations. This holds considerable theoretical importance and practical value, enhancing the climate change impact assessment and adaptation research framework. It also broadens the scope of tourism science research, establishes a novel discipline development direction, and furnishes a theoretical foundation for the tourism industry to address climate change.

  • Research on China's Tourism Resources in the New Era
    LIANG Zeng-xian, LI Xin-jing
    Download PDF ( ) HTML ( )   Knowledge map   Save

    Achieving a balance between environmental conservation and tourism development, and addressing the negative effects of seasonal fluctuations are crucial for the high-quality development of ecotourism destinations. Touristification serves as a prevalent strategy to address these challenges in these areas. However, existing research on touristification lacks effective analytical tools and explanatory mechanisms, making it difficult to delineate the evolution stages, causal mechanisms, and spatiotemporal impacts of tourism development over time. This paper extends the application of touristification theory through a case study, constructing a spatiotemporal model of touristification. Employing observation methods, interviews, and the collection of secondary data, we have obtained multi-source data to delineate the over-two-decade touristification process of the Sayram Lake scenic area in Xinjiang, from an ecological pasture to a mature ecotourism destination. Our study elucidates the multidimensional evolution of touristification and the developmental logic of its various stages. The findings reveal that Sayram Lake has undergone four distinct stages of touristification: government-led internal spatial touristification, government-led external spatial touristification, enterprise-led in-depth spatiotemporal touristification and government and enterprise-led off-peak temporal touristification. In general, tourism destination exhibited an initial internal then external touristification; the focus shifted from the high season and daytime first, then touristification to night-time and off-peak periods. Each stage of touristification at Sayram Lake intersects with the others, each with distinct key issues and driving forces at play. Internal touristification is key to building attractions, while external touristification is crucial for enhancing accessibility, and both should be harmonized. This paper introduces a new touristification model that provides analytical tools to understand the evolutionary patterns of touristification, the causal relationships at different stages, and their impacts. The model offers guidance for balancing conservation and development in ecotourism destinations, resolving the supply and demand contradictions between peak and off-peak seasons, and promoting high-quality development. By providing case studies and pathways, this model serves as a reference for stakeholders in ecotourism to effectively navigate the complexities of touristification.

  • Interview with Experts on New Quality Productive Forces
  • Interview with Experts on New Quality Productive Forces
    WANG Jin-wei, LU Lin, WANG Zhao-feng, WEI Min, SONG Rui, YANG Yong, BAI Kai, LIN Ming-shui, YU Hu, ZHU He
    Download PDF ( ) HTML ( )   Knowledge map   Save

    New quality productive forces are the core driver for building a modern tourism sector and also support the development of a strong tourism nation. In order to deeply understand the scientific connotation of new quality productive forces and clarify the theoretical logic and strategic path of new quality productive forces empowering the high-quality development of tourism industry, several experts on regional economic development, the digital economy, tourism management and geography were interviewed. The interviews were based on the logic of "problem orientation-innovative thinking-path mechanism", focusing on the background, opportunities and challenges, core meanings, drivers, and innovations empowering the high-quality development of tourism new quality productive forces. There were three main conclusions from this research. The first was the strategic opportunities and risks of promoting the high-quality development of tourism through new quality productive forces against a background of rapid and continuous technological change. New quality productive forces optimize resource allocation through scientific and technological innovation, and improve the production efficiency and growth quality of tourism. They also produce new tourism development models and forms of business, constantly generating momentum to drive high-quality economic and social improvements. Especially in rural tourism, the role of new quality productive forces is particularly significant. It promotes the gradual improvement of the rural tourism production network, enhances cooperation among rural tourism stakeholders, helps rural tourism participants evolve new production initiatives, and ultimately reinvigorates rural areas with increased prosperity. However, given globalization and rapid digitalization, innovation in tourism faces a series of challenges. In particular, the lack of systematic development of tourism software and hardware, risks of data security and privacy protection, resistance to change and innovation in traditional tourism, and the "growing pains" brought by the transformation to new technologies deserve attention. The development of new quality productive forces in future tourism must focus on technological innovation, find and prepare a quality tourism workforce, optimize and more closely integrate products and services with human talent, and significantly improve the total factor productivity of tourism. Second, the process of empowering the high-quality development of tourism must encompass technological innovation leading to industrial modernization. Innovation plays a leading role in new quality productive forces and is the core driver of the high-quality development of tourism. The new quality productive forces empowering this tourism development have several specific features. Technological innovation leads the modernization of the tourism sector and is a prerequisite for the high-quality development of tourism. Factor integration and supply-demand matching are the intrinsic requirements for the high-quality development of tourism. Other critical ingredients are digitization, greening and artificial intelligence. The significant improvement of total factor productivity must be the core goal for the high-quality development of tourism. Third, the guidance of national strategy is crucial to the progress and prospects for new quality productive forces empowering the high-quality development of tourism. New quality productive forces are receiving widespread emphasis since their inception and have become a core issue highly valued by the tourism sector in China. In the New Era, modern technology has become a key production factor in tourism. Additionally, the transformation and upgrading of tourism is dynamically advancing, growth is strengthening, and the ability of tourism to serve national economic and social-cultural strategies is becoming more noticeable. However, it should not be overlooked that high-quality tourism development is still faced with serious problems such as weak technological innovation capabilities, uneven regional development, inadequate circulation of factor resources, and insufficient human talent for tourism. To further enhance the beneficial impacts of new quality productive forces in stimulating the high-quality development of tourism, it is necessary to focus on deepening the reform of the system and operations in tourism, optimizing the creative allocation of tourism production factors, accelerating the development of a modern tourism sector, and improving the quality of professional tourism talent. These three recommendations will not only enhance the understanding and application of new quality productive forces to a certain extent, but also provide decision-making support for building China into a leading tourism nation in the world.

  • Regular Articles
  • Regular Articles
    ZHANG Yao-yao, GONG Dong-qin, CHEN Huan-yuan, FENG Yi-pan, BAO Hai-jun, WU Shao-hua
    Download PDF ( ) HTML ( )   Knowledge map   Save

    In the context of ecological civilization, traditional geological resource concept cannot fully reflect its role, function, and value, while geo-ecosystem product provides a new approach for earth system science serving high-quality development. Based on ecological-geological system theory and value realization cascade model of ecosystem products, this article first puts forward the concept of 'geo-ecosystem product'. From the perspective of feedback mechanism, this article clarifies geo-ecosystem services. Furthermore, a value realization cascade model is constructed to illustrate forming logic of geo-ecosystem product, as well as its conceptual connotation and attribute classification. Finally, for the purpose of value realization, an application framework for geo-ecosystem products is proposed to construct the value transformation chain from geological environment and resources to human well-being. According to the research, geo-ecosystem product and its value realization, which are based upon geo-ecosystem holistic view, should contribute to depth and breadth of ecosystem products, and explore a geological path for rural revitalization, common prosperity, and ecological conservation and restoration.

  • Regular Articles
    DENG Mao-ying, WEI Xiao-li, ZHANG Guo-jun
    Download PDF ( ) HTML ( )   Knowledge map   Save

    Under the dual-carbon goal, the coordinated evolution of new urbanization and green development is of great significance in promoting China's high-quality economic development. This paper analyzes the characteristics and types of spatial and temporal patterns of the coordinated evolution of new urbanization and green development in 30 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) in China from 2005 to 2020 by using entropy method, coupled coordination model and other research methods. The results show that: (1) Both new urbanization and green development levels present a growth pattern. (2) The coordination degree of China's new urbanization and green development generally shows an upward trend; the spatial distribution of the coordination level generally shows a decreasing pattern from the eastern and central regions of the country to the western and northeastern regions. (3) The coordinated evolution is characterized by significant spatial agglomeration, and dominated by HH, LL and HL types. (4) The center of gravity of coordinated evolution shows a trend of migration from northeast to southwest. (5) The coordinated development types are divided into "urbanization first", "green development first" and "synchronous development", of which "urbanization first" is the most dominant and important type. Countermeasures are proposed for provincial-level regions with different types of coordinated development, which will continue to help the coordinated evolution of new urbanization and green development.

  • Regular Articles
    WANG Hua, FANG Guo-chen, ZHAO Wan-min, ZHOU Guo-hua
    Download PDF ( ) HTML ( )   Knowledge map   Save

    The spatial pattern of "mountain-water-city" is the spatial organization relationship formed by the interactive adaptation of urban artificial environment and natural landscape environment. By clarifying the conceptual connotation of the "mountain-water-city" spatial pattern, this paper establishes its analysis framework from the perspective of geography. Wanzhou, a typical city, is selected as the research area, and the evolution process, growth model, formation mechanism and optimization regulation of the "mountain-water-city" spatial pattern in the Three Gorges Reservoir Area (TGRA) are comprehensively studied by using field investigation, topographic position index and MCR model. Therefore, the research results are as follows: (1) The evolution of the "mountain-water-city" spatial pattern in the TGRA is a spiral upward cycle of "generation, strengthening, deconstruction and reorganization". The elements, structural forms and regional functions of the "mountain-water-city" spatial pattern in Wanzhou are constantly evolving and reorganizing under the comprehensive effect of the opening of the port to the outside world and the relocation of the Three Gorges Project. (2) The impact and feedback of urban expansion on landscape ecological network in the TGRA, as well as the restriction and guidance of landscape environment changes on urban spatial growth, formed a unique "mountain-water-city" spatial pattern and growth model, including 6 dynamic growth models and 12 static growth models. (3) The reconstruction of regional spatial organization relations and the selection of urban systems determine the formation and evolution of "mountain-water-city" spatial pattern. Driven by the comprehensive drive of "natural landscape environment+social and economic transformation" and "regional special events+landscape and environmental changes", the urban spatial growth in the TGRA gradually breaks through the physical threshold and continues to evolve in the next stage of growth cycle. Finally, this paper puts forward the regulation path of "mountain-water-city" spatial pattern in the TGRA, which provides support for the integrated promotion and systematic governance of mountain, water and city.

  • Regular Articles
    DING Nan, LI Yi-bo, TAO Fu-lu
    Download PDF ( ) HTML ( )   Knowledge map   Save

    The Haihe River Basin plays an important role in the sustainable economic development of the national economy and is also one of the most water-scare regions in China. Densely populated, long-term inappropriate human activities and climate change have exacerbated the problems of soil erosion and water scarcity in the region. Therefore, studying the effects of climate change and land use on runoff, sediment, and nitrogen and phosphorus losses in the Haihe River Basin provides not only theoretical support for the early warning of water and sand hazards in the region, but also an important scientific basis for understanding the evolutionary pattern of the basin's ecological environment. In this study, we analyzed the spatial and temporal evolution patterns of climate, land use, evapotranspiration (ET), normalized vegetation index (NDVI), and net primary productivity (NPP) in the Haihe River Basin from 1985 to 2015 and their influence mechanisms. The results show that: (1) There are significant geographical differences in the correlations among the variables (ET, NDVI, NPP, runoff, sediment, nitrogen and phosphorus, etc.) in the six sub-basins of the Haihe River Basin. (2) Temperature and precipitation directly affect runoff, and thus indirectly affect sediment and nitrogen and phosphorus losses. (3) ET is directly affected by both temperature and precipitation, and it directly affects runoff, and then indirectly affects sediment and nitrogen and phosphorus losses. The paper reveals the influence of climate and land use changes on runoff, sediment and nitrogen and phosphorus losses over the past 30 years, which is of great significance to the understanding of the evolution of the ecological environment of the basin and its regulation.