AN APPROACH TO SOME FUNDAMENTAL PROBLEMS OF AGRICULTURAL RESOURCE ECONOMICS
1987, 2 (4):
Economic growth, resource scarcity, and environmental degradation, have already been a global and serious problem day by day. In China, natrural resources are relatively lesser but the population is larger so saving and rational use of resources in a basic national policy therefor, the importance of research of agricultural resourc economics will increas continuously at present and in the future. But the economics of agricultural Resource has not yet becom a systematical and independent discipline. for the reason of impulse of the establishment and futher development a new dicipline, the write proposes some opinions as follows:First, based on the previous research and practice, and from the viewpoint of economics and agro-resource economics, this article sums up various opinions and built up a dynamic and systematic analysis on natrral and agricultural resources.Second, recognized the main subject, target, tasks and their contents of agricultural resource. Economics, the emphasis should be placed on the comprehensive studies on the tvelua-tion, exploitation, utilization, improvement. Conservation and meanagement of natural resources as well as on population and labour resources, and their strategic reseach as a whole. The aims are regulation of the relationships between human and nature (biosphere), and acqisition the best integrated benefit, that is, Agro-resource Economic is mainly deals with the exploitation and utilization of nature by man, out more spesifically with the relations of man to man arising out of the relation of man to natural resources, It is a branch of theoretical and applied.Third, in regard to the methodology of Agro-resource in this article the systems theory and systems engineering is the fundamental approach and the methods of systems and comprehensive analysis, optional control, ect. were adequately adoptable.
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