Resources Evaluation

Spatial and Temporal Trends of Wind Speed on the Loess Plateau during 1957-2009

  • 1. College of Resources and Environment, Northwest Agriculture & Forest University, Yangling 712100, China;
    2. Insititute of Soil and Water Conservation, CAS and Ministry of Water Resources, State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dry land Farming in Loess Plateau, Yangling 712100, China

Received date: 2011-11-24

  Revised date: 2012-05-16

  Online published: 2012-12-20


An analysis of spatial and temporal trends of mean wind speed and maximum wind speed during 1957-2009 was performed on the Loess Plateau based on the monthly observed wind speed data at 88 meteorological stations. The cumulative departure analysis, a five-year moving average and the nonparametric methods of Mann-Kendall test, were used for data analysis. Results indicated that:
1) The annual mean wind speed(1957-2009)was 2.36 m/s on the Loess Plateau, annual mean wind speeds of water erosion region, wind-water erosion crisscross region and wind erosion region were respectively 2.36 m/s, 2.17 m/s and 2.60 m/s,and the mean wind speeds respectively decreased at the rate of -0.0084 m·s-1·a-1, -0.0094 m·s-1·a-1 and -0.0188 m·s-1·a-1,and respectively showed a significant decreasing trend (P<0.001). And on the seasonal scale, the contribution rates of spring and winter for annual wind speed were higher, summer and autumn were lower. For annual mean wind speeds in the three regions, the change point of the decreasing trend was in 1981, and after the 1970s, the wind speed decreased significantly.
2) The reason why the mean annual wind speed decreased significantly is that the decreasing of the frequency of the daily maximum wind speed with a scale ≥5. The frequency of the gale on the Loess Plateau showed a significant decreasing trend from the 1970s to the 2000s, the magnitude of decrease is the greatest in wind erosion region, by over 10%. By the 2000s, the frequency of gale in most stations on the Loess Plateau is <2%.
3) In most parts of wind-water erosion crisscross region and the wind erosion region, the number of gale days is more but it is less in the water erosion region and the east of the Loess Plateau. According to the annual mean frequency of gale days in the Loess Plateau, four sub-regions can be divided. They are fewer gale region (<10 d), more gale region (10-50 d), much more gale region (50-100 d) and frequent region (>100 d). Most parts of the Loess Plateau fall into the more gale region, and then fewer gale region and non-freguent region. From the 1970s to the 1990s, most parts of wind erosion region and wind-water erosion crisscross region belong to much more gale region. The Baotou and Zhongning stations belong to more gale region. After the year 2000, most parts of the Loess Plateau turn to the fewer gale region.

Cite this article

MA Qin, ZHANG Xiao-ping, WAN Long, MA Tong-yu, SUN Yan-ping, XU Jin-peng, LEI Yong-nan . Spatial and Temporal Trends of Wind Speed on the Loess Plateau during 1957-2009[J]. JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES, 2012 , 27(12) : 2123 -2134 . DOI: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2012.12.013


[1] 强明瑞, 肖舜, 张家武, 等. 柴达木盆地北部风速对尘暴事件降尘的影响[J]. 中国沙漠, 2007, 27(2);290-295.[QIANG Min-rui, XIAO Shun, ZHANG Jia-wu, et al. Impact of wind velocity on dustfall during dust storm events in northern Qaidam Basin, China. Journal of Desert Research, 2007, 27(2):290-295.]

[2] 马淑红, 戈峰, 陈晓光, 等. 古尔班通古特沙漠瞬间最大风速时空分布特征[J]. 资源科学. 2007, 29(4):46-53.[MA Shu-hong, GE Feng, CHEN Xiao-guang, et al. The spatial-temporal distribution of maximum instantaneous wind speed and the control of active dunes in Gurbantunggut Desert. Resources Science, 2007, 29(4):46-53.]

[3] 许炯心. 基于气候地貌植被耦合的黄河中游侵蚀过程[M]. 北京:科学出版社, 2009:53-67.[XU Jiong-xin. Erosion Processes of the Middle Yellow River Based on the Coupling of the Climate Landscape Vegetation. Beijing: Science Press, 2009:53-67.]

[4] 王遵娅, 丁一汇, 何金海, 等. 近年来中国气候变化特征的再分析[J]. 气象学报, 2004, 62(2):228-236.[WANG Zun-ya, DING Yi-hui, HE Jin-hai, et al. An updating analysis of the climate change in China in recent 50 years. Acta Meteorologica Sinica, 2004, 62(2):228-236.]

[5] 任国玉, 郭军, 徐铭志. 近50年中国地面气候变化基本特征[J]. 气象学报, 2005, 63(6):942-956.[REN Guo-yu, GUO Jun, XU Ming-zhi. Climate changes of China’s mainland over the past half century. Acta Meteorologica Sinica, 2005, 63(6):942-956.]

[6] XU Ming, CHANG Chih-pei, FU Cong-bin. Steady decline of East Asian monsoon winds, 1969-2000: Evidence from direct ground measurements of wind speed [J]. Journal of Geophysical Research, 2006, 111, D24.

[7] 李耀辉, 张存杰, 高学杰. 西北地区大风日数的时空分布特征[J]. 中国沙漠. 2004, 24(6):715-723.[LI Yao-hui, ZHANG Cun-jie, GAO Xue-jie. Temporal and spatial characteristics of gale weather over Northwest China. Journal of Desert Research, 2004, 24(6):715-723.]

[8] 杨勤业, 袁宝印. 黄土高原地区自然环境及其演变[M]. 北京:科学出版社, 1991:200-229.[YANG Qin-ye, YUAN Bao-yin. Natural Environment of Loess Plateau and Its Evolution. Beijing: Science Press, 1991:200-229.]

[9] 魏凤英. 现代气候统计诊断预测技术[M]. 北京:气象出版社, 1999:62-76.[WEI Feng-ying. Modern Climate Statistics Diagnosis and Forecasting Technology. Beijing: Meteorological Press, 1999:62-76.]

[10] 马柱国, 邵丽娟. 中国北方近百年干湿变化与太平洋年代际振荡的关系[J]. 大气科学, 2006, 30(3):464-474.[MA Zhu-guo, SHAO Li-juan. Relationship between dry/wet variation and the Pacific Decade Oscillation (PDO) in Northern China during the last 100 years. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 2006, 30(3):464-474.]

[11] Pettitt A N. A non-parametric approach to the change-point problem [J]. Applied Statistics, 1979, 28(2):126-135.

[12] Price D T, Mckenney D W, Nalder I A, et al. A comparison of two statistical methods for spatial interpolation of Canadian monthly mean climate data [J]. Agriculture and Forest Meteorology, 2000, 101:81-94.

[13] Yan H, Nix H A, Hutchinson M F, et al. Spatial interpolation of monthly mean climate data for China [J]. International Journal of Climate, 2005, 25(10):1369-1379.

[14] 贾文雄, 何元庆, 李宗省, 等. 祁连山区气候变化的区域差异特征及突变分析[J]. 地理学报, 2008, 63(3):257-269.[JIA Wen-xiong, HE Yuan-qing, LI Zong-xing, et al. The regional difference and catastrophe of climatic change in Qilian Mt. region. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2008, 63(3):257-269.]

[15] 唐克丽. 黄土高原水蚀风蚀交错区治理的重要性与紧迫性[J]. 中国水土保持, 2000, 11(5):57-60.[TANG Ke-li. Importantion and urgency of govern the wind-water erosion crisscross region on the Loess Plateau. Soil and Water Conservation in China, 2000, 11(5): 57-60.]

[16] 邱新法, 刘昌明, 曾燕. 黄河流域近40年蒸发皿蒸发量的气候变化特征[J]. 自然资源学报, 2003, 18(4):437-447.[QIU Xin-fa, LIU Chang-ming, ZENG Yan. Changes of pan evaporation in the recent 40 years over the Yellow River Basin. Journal of Natural Resources, 2003, 18(4):437-447.]

[17] 李林, 李凤霞, 郭安红, 等. 近43a来"三江源"地区气候变化趋势及其突变研究[J]. 自然资源学报, 2006, 21(1):79-85.[LI Lin, LI Feng-xia, GUO An-hong, et al. Study on the climate change trend and its catastrophe over "Sanjiangyuan" region in recent 43 years. Journal of Natural Resources, 2006, 21(1):79-85.]