Resources Utilization and Management

Adaptation of Tibetan Nomadism to Climate Change in the Source Region of the Yellow River

  • Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China

Received date: 2012-03-22

  Revised date: 2012-05-15

  Online published: 2012-12-20


Based on family questionnaire, meteorological and statistical data,remote sensing and field survey, a case study of Darlag County in the source region of the Yellow River has been conducted to understand the process of alpine grassland degradation and the behaviors of Tibetan nomads’response and adaptation to climate warming. The results show that there was an increase of 0.29℃/10 a on average in annual temperature during 1956-2009 in Darlag County, which indicated more obvious warming effect than that in the Tibetan Plateau and the whole country. With the impacts of climate warming and grazing, 29.39% grassland degraded between the 1970s and 2000. For dealing with the consequences of grassland degradation, local nomads have taken various adaptive measures in livestock production, such as earlier moving from summer pasture to winter pasture, making fence for pasture, adjusting the amount and structure of livestock, increasing the amount and ratio of livestock for sale, supplementing fodder in winter, planting grasses, etc., and simultaneously changes in lifestyle and ideology have also happened correspondingly. This demonstrates that the Tibetan nomadism essentially possesses the nature and mechanism of adaptation to climate change, and is capable of adjusting production and living to a certain extent actively or passively. Therefore, with adaptive modification Tibetan nomadism will prove to be an important adaptation mode of climate change in the source region of the Yellow River.

Cite this article

BAI Wan-qi, ZHANG Yi-li, LIU Lin-shan, ZHANG Qin-qin, DU Chang-jiang . Adaptation of Tibetan Nomadism to Climate Change in the Source Region of the Yellow River[J]. JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES, 2012 , 27(12) : 2030 -2038 . DOI: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2012.12.004


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