Chinese Scarcity Factors of Resources/Energy and their Application in Life Cycle Assessment

  • 1. College of Architecture and Environment, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China;
    2. Department of Material Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;
    3. IKE Environmental Technology CO., Ltd, Chengdu 610065, China

Received date: 2011-10-14

  Revised date: 2012-03-19

  Online published: 2012-09-20


With the scarcity factors of resources and energy, the overall resource consumption along a product life cycle can be evaluated in LCA(Life Cycle Assessment) studies. In this paper, CADP (Chinese Abiotic Depletion Potential) factors of various resources and fossil energy in the Chinese context were obtained by adopting the broadly used Abiotic Depletion Potential (ADP) factors in CML methods and modifying them with self-sufficiency rate of individual resources in China. The factors will support the assessment of resource and energy consumption for LCA studies and relevant policy studies in China. It also provides an adaptable method for other national or regional analysis. The case study shows that the CADP of 1 kWh grid power is 1.02 kg coal-R eq. The 60.46% of contribution comes from the coal consumption, then from oil consumption (11.63%), and the consumption of other resources like copper, nickel etc. in infrastructure construction also contributes.

Cite this article

HOU Ping, WANG Hong-tao, ZHU Yong-guang, WENG Duan . Chinese Scarcity Factors of Resources/Energy and their Application in Life Cycle Assessment[J]. JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES, 2012 , 27(9) : 1572 -1579 . DOI: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2012.09.014


[1] 陈永文. 自然资源学[M]. 上海: 华东师范大学出版社, 2002: 269.
[2] ISO. ISO14040 international standard in: Environmental management—life cycle assessment—principles and framework [S]. International Organization for Standardization. Geneva, Switzerland, 2006.
[3] ISO. ISO14044 international standard in: Environmental management—life cycle assessment—requirements and guidelines [S]. International Organization for Standardization. Geneva, Switzerland, 2006.
[4] 成金华, 吴巧生. 中国矿产资源经济研究综述[J]. 中国地质大学学报: 社会科学版, 2003, 3(6): 36-40.
[5] 张力小, 胡秋红. 城市物质能量代谢相关研究述评——兼论资源代谢的内涵与研究方法[J]. 自然资源学报, 2011, 26(10): 1801-1810.
[6] Goran Finnveden, Per Ostlund. Exergies of natural resources in life-cycle assessment and other applications [J]. Energy, 1997, 22(9): 923-931.
[7] Muller-Wenk R. Depletion of Abiotic Resources Weighted on the Base of "Virtual" Impact of Lower Grade Deposits in Future [M]. University of St. Gallen, Germany, 1998.
[8] Huppes G. Abotic resource depletion in LCA. 2002.
[9] Kerwin Strauss, Alan C Brent, Sibbele Hietkamp. Characterisation and normalisation factors for life cycle impact assessment mined abiotic resources categories in South Africa [J]. International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 2006, 11(3): 162-171.
[10] Gao Feng, Nie Zuoren, Wang Zhihong, et al. Characterisation and normalisation factors of abiotic resource depletion for life cycle impact assessment in China [J]. Science China Series E—Technology Science, 2009, 52(1): 215-222.
[11] BP Statistical review of world energy full report 2010 .
[12] USGS Minerals Yearbook 2006, Volume III—China .
[13] 中国有色金属工业年鉴编辑委员会. 中国有色金属工业年鉴2006[M]. 北京: 中国印刷总公司, 2006.
[14] 国土资源部信息中心. 2005—2006世界矿产资源年评[M]. 北京市: 地质出版社, 2007.
[15] GB/T 2589—2008综合能耗计算通则[S].
[16] 中华人民共和国国家统计局. 部分重点企业主要工业品出厂价格变动情况. 2011-09-26.
[17] 国家发展和改革委员会. 国产陆上天然气出厂(或首站)基准价格调整表. http://news. xinhuanet. com/fortune/2010-05/31/c_12163284_3.htm.2010-05-31.
[18] 刘夏璐, 王洪涛, 陈建, 等. 中国LCA数据库的清单数据获取方法及基础生命周期模型[J]. 环境科学学报, 2010, 30(10): 2136-2144.
[19] Ecoinvent Database.