Resources Research Methods

Analysis Method of Urban Growth Boundary of the Changzhou City in the Yangtze River Delta

  • State Key Laboratory of Lake Science and Environment, Nanjing Institute of Geography & Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China

Received date: 2011-06-04

  Revised date: 2011-08-10

  Online published: 2012-02-20


Urban growth boundary (UGB) is a common tool employed by planners to constrain urban expansion in order to increase density of urban services and protect surrounding rural landscapes. Many countries have adopted the method of UGB to control urban sprawl. China's current urban and land use planning start also to have a clear requirement to delineate UGB, but the analysis method is also relatively weak. Especially, few models have been developed that simulate the UGB. We use system dynamics model, cellular automata in combination with the analysis of urban capacity to study the UGB of Changzhou City. Firstly, based on the analysis of the system dynamics model, urban land area of Changzhou City is 30847 hm2 by 2020. Urban growth mainly performs the urban land spread model of urban fringe area, simultaneously, and infill development model in inner city area of the northern and southern groups and the main city area. The boudaries of urban growth is enclosed along the Yangtze River-Desheng River-Shanghai-Nanjing Expressway-New Meng River-Desheng River-Wu-Yi Canal-Ningli high-speed-Shanghai-Nanjing Expressway-city district boudary. UGB curve simulated in the paper and GH-UGB proposed in actual urban comprehensive planning spatially fit well in the northern and eastern parts, but not in the western and southern parts. We think that it reflects the flexible nature of planning tools and the deficiencies of model prediction on considering macro-space pattern and the elements inner contacts of urban system. However, the forecast value of urban land size has a weak gap between the UGB and GH-UGB, and it reflects the subjectivity of the planning tools and the objectivity of the model prediction. This method in our paper has the advantage of using a variety of model combined with the urban capacity analysis, but needs to be improved in fully considering random policies, urban elements contacts and spatial overall pattern.

Cite this article

SU Wei-zhong, YANG Gui-shan, CHEN Shuang, WANG Dan, WU Jian-ping, GAO Qun . Analysis Method of Urban Growth Boundary of the Changzhou City in the Yangtze River Delta[J]. JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES, 2012 , 27(2) : 322 -331 . DOI: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2012.02.015


[1] Calthorpe P, Fulton W. The Regional City: Planning for the End of Sprawl [M]. Washington D C: Island Press, 2001. [2] American Planning Association, 2002. Growing smart guidebook. Chapter 6-regional planning . 2010-02-16. [3] Phillips J, Goodstein E. Growth management and housing prices: The case of Portland, Oregon . Contem. Econ. Policy 18 (July (3)), Available at SSRN: [4] Wassmer R W. Focalization of land use, urban growth boundaries and non-central retail sprawl in the western United States [J]. Urban Study, 2002, 39(8): 1307-1327. [5] Gunn S C. Green belts: A review of the region's responses to a changing housing agenda [J]. Environmental Planning B, 2007, 50(5): 595-616. [6] Han H, Lai S, Dang A, et al. Effectiveness of urban construction boundaries in Beijing: An assessment [J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Sciences A, 2009, 10(9): 1285-1295. [7] Mubarak F. Urban growth boundary policy and residential suburbanization: Riyadh, Saudi Arabia [J]. Habitat International, 2004, 28(4): 567-591. [8] Gordon D L A, Vipond S. Gross density and new urbanism [J]. Journal of American Planning Association, 2005, 71(2): 41-54. [9] Turner B, Hegedus J, Tosics I. The Reform of Housing in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union [M]. London: Routledge Press, 1992. [10] Coiacetto E. Residential sub-market targeting by developers in Brisbane [J]. Urban Policy and Research, 2007, 25(2): 257-274. [11] Bengston D N, Youn Y. Urban containment policies and the protection of natural area: The case of Seoul's greenbelt [J]. Ecology and Society, 2006, 11(1): 3. [12] 龙瀛, 何永, 刘欣, 等. 北京市限建区规划: 制订城市扩展的边界[J]. 城市规划, 2006, 30(12): 20-26. [13] 杨小雄, 刘耀林, 王晓红, 等. 基于约束条件的元胞自动机土地利用规划布局模型[J]. 武汉大学学报: 信息科学版, 2007, 32(12): 1164-1167. [14] Brown D G, Robinson D T, Nassauer L, et al. Exurbia from the bottom-up: Modeling multiple actors and their landscape interactions [J]. Geoforum, 2007, 39: 805-818. [15] Entwisle B, Rindfuss R R, Walsh S J, et al. Population growth and its spatial distribution as factors in the deforestation of Nang Rong, Thailand [J]. Geoforum, 2007, 39: 879-897. [16] Evans T, Kelley H. The influence of landowner and topographic heterogeneity on the pattern of land cover change in South-central Indiana [J]. Geoforum, 2007, 39: 819-832. [17] Tayyebia A, Pijanowskia B C, Tayyebib A H. An urban growth boundary model using neural networks, GIS and radial parameterization: An application to Tehran, Iran [J]. Landscape and Urban Planning, 2011, 30 (1/2): 35-44. [18] 苏伟忠, 杨桂山, 甄峰. 长江三角洲生态用地破碎度及其城市化关联[J]. 地理学报, 2007, 62(12): 1309-1317. [19] 何春阳, 贾克敬, 徐小黎, 等. 基于GIS 空间分析技术的城乡建设用地扩展边界规划方法研究[J]. 中国土地科学, 2010, 24(3): 12-18.