Special Column:Celebration of the 70th Anniversary of IGSNRR, CAS

Beneficial Pr ediction and Assessment of Cloud and Air Water Resour ce Exploitation over the Qilian Mountain

  • Lanzhou Institute of Arid Meteorology, CMA, Key Laboratory of Arid Climatic Change and Reducing Disaster, Key Open
    Laboratory of Arid Climate Change and Disaster Reduction of CMA, Lanzhou, Gansu 730020, China

Received date: 2007-02-03

  Revised date: 2007-03-03

  Online published: 2007-05-15


Qilian Mountain is famous mountain system in China and has a great many of glaciers, from which runoff is very important to the piedmont corridor area of the mountain.In addition, there is a water vapor transportation belt in this region, which brings abundant cloud and air water resources.Thus, cloud and air water resource exploiture project in the region is very meaningful and beneficial. In order to assess the synthetic benefit of cloud and air water resource exploitation, reasonable index system including 25 indexes was constructed in this paper.It involved social, economic and ecological effects.Then, choosing 11 indexes and using AHP ( analytic hierarchy process) method, each index weight was evaluated and synthetic assessment model was established clearly. In this paper, on the basis of Kang’s result about the impacts of precipitation enhancement on runoff flow from the mountain in the northwest arid region, the water resource and socioeconomic conditions after cloud and air water resource exploiation over the Qilian Mountain were predicted rationally.Finally, the synthetic benefit of cloud and air water resource exploitation over the Qilian Mountains was assessed integrally.The results showed that the social, economic and ecological benefit all would be improved remarkably after the cloud and air water resource exploitation over the Qilian Mountain.When precipitation increased by 10%, the synthetic benefit would be improved by 5.3%, and when precipitation increased by 20%, the synthetic benefit would be improved by 12.5%.

Cite this article

WANG Jing, WEI Yuan-ming, GUO Ni, ZHANG Kai, WANG Xiao-ping . Beneficial Pr ediction and Assessment of Cloud and Air Water Resour ce Exploitation over the Qilian Mountain[J]. JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES, 2007 , 22(3) : 463 -470 . DOI: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2007.03.016


[1] 陈昌毓. 祁连山区水资源及其对河西走廊生态环境的影响[J]. 自然资源学报,1995,10 (2):104~114.[CHEN Chang-yu.Water resource in Qilian Mountainous region and its influence on ecological environment of Hexi Corridor.Journal ofNatural Resources,1995,10(2):104- 114.] [2] 车克钧,傅辉恩.祁连山森林、冰川和水资源现状调查研究[J].北京林业大学学报,1998,20(6):95~99.[CHE Ke-jun,FUHui-en.Investigation on forest,glacier and water resources in the Qilian Mountains.Journal of Beijing Forestry University,1998,20(6):95- 99.] [3] 高前兆, 仵彦卿. 河西内陆河流域的水循环分析[J]. 水科学进展,2004,15 (3):391~396.[GAO Qian-zhao,WU Yan-qing.Analysis of water cycle in inland river basins in Hexi Region.Advances in water science,2004,15(3):391- 396.] [4] 范艳丽,陈和平.祁连山区人工增雨(雪)潜力分析[J].甘肃农业,2004,(10):74.[ FAN Yan-li,CHEN He-ping.The analysis ofartificial precipitation potential in Qilian Mountainous region.Gansu Agriculture,2004,(10):74.] [5] 李世明,程国栋,李元红,等.河西走廊水资源合理利用与生态环境保护[M].郑州:黄河水利出版社,2002.[LI Shi-ming,CHENG Guo-dong,LI Yuan-hong,et al.Reasonable Utilization of Water Resource and Eco-environmental Protection in HexiCorridor.Zhengzhou:Yellow River Water Conservancy Press,2002.] [6] 周维博,李佩成.干旱半干旱地域灌区水资源综合效益评价体系研究[J].自然资源学报,2003,18(3):288~293.[ZHOU Weibo,LI Pei-cheng.Study on integrated benefit of water resources in arid and semi-arid irrigated district.Journal of NaturalResources,2003,18( 3) :288- 293.] [7] 张卫华,赵铭军.指标无量纲化方法对综合评价结果可靠性的影响及其实证分析[J].统计与信息论坛,2005,20(3):33~36.[ZHANG Wei-hua, ZHAO Ming-jun.The influence of undimensionalization on the reliability of comprehensive evaluationresults and all empirical analysis.Statistic and Information Forum,2005,20(3):33- 36.] [8] 赵焕臣,许树柏.层次分析法[M].北京:科学出版社,1986.[ZHAO Huan-chen,Xu Shu-bai.Analytic Hierarchy Process—ANew Decision Method for Advice.Beijing:Science Press,1986.] [9] 曾光平,吴明林,林长城,等.古田水库人工降雨效果的综合评价[J].应用气象学报,1993,4(2):154~161.[ZENG Guang-ping,WU Ming-lin,LIN Chang-cheng,et al.A comprehensive evaluation of the effect of artificial precipitation in Gutian reservoirarea. Journal of Applied Meteorology,1993,4(2):154- 161.] [10] 杜顺义,裴巨才,高康.美国人工降雨科技考察报告[J].山西气象,1993,(4):50~54.[DU Shun-yi,PEI Ju-cai,GAO Kang.Thesci-technology review report about artificial precipitation in America.Shanxi Meteorology,1993,(4):50- 54.] [11] 李大山.人工影响天气现状与展望[M].北京:气象出版社,2002.[LI Da-shan.The Current Situation and Prospect of WeatherModification.Beijing:Meteorological Press,2002.] [12] 赖祖铭,叶佰生,朱守森.用冰川区水量( 物质) 平衡模型估计气侯变化对冰川水资源影响的初步研究[J].水科学进展,1990,9(1):49~54.[LAI Zu-ming,YE Bai-sheng,ZHU Shou-sen.The application of water(mass) balance model in glacierizedarea to assessing the climate impact on glacial water resources.Advances in Water Science,1990,9(1):49- 54.] [13] 赖祖铭.气候变化对青藏高原大江河径流的影响[J].冰川冻土,1996,18(增刊):314~320.[LAI Zu-ming.Impact of climatevariation on the runoff of large rivers in the Tibetan Plateau.Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology,1996,18 (supp.):314-320.] [14] 叶佰生,赖祖铭,施雅风.气候变化对天山伊犁河上游河川径流的影响[J].冰川冻土,1996,18(1):29~36.[YE Bai-sheng,LAI Zu-ming,SHI Ya-feng.The effect of climate change on runoff in the Yili River in the Tianshan Mountains.Journal ofGlaciology and Geocryology,1996,18(1):29- 36.] [15] 康尔泗,程国栋,蓝永超,等.概念性水文模型在出山径流预报中的应用[J].地球科学进展,2002,17(1):18~26.[KANG Ersi,CHENG Guo-dong,LAN Yong-chao,et al.Application of a conceptual hydrological model in the runoff forecast of amountainous watershed.Advance in Earth Sciences,2002,17(1):18- 26.] [16] 游松财,Kiyoshi Takahashi,Yuzuru Matsuoka.全球气候变化对中国未来地表径流的影响[J].第四纪研究,2002,22(2):148~157. [YOU Song-cai,Kiyoshi Takahashi,Yuzuru Matsuoka.Climatechange impact on surface runoff in China.QuaternarySciences,2002,22(2):148- 157.] [17] 苏凤阁,谢正辉.气候变化对中国径流影响评估模型研究[J].自然科学进展,2003,13(5):502~507.[SU Feng-ge,XIE Zheng-hui.The assessment model of effects of climate change on runoff in China.Advance in Nature Sciences,2003,13(5):502- 507.] [18] Zhang J S,Kang E S,Lan Y C,et al.Impact of climate change and variability on water resources in Heihe River basin[J].Journal of Geographical Sciences,2003,13(3):286- 292 [19] Chen R S,Kang E S,Yang J P,et al.A distributed runoff model for inland mountainous river basin of Northwest China[J].Journal ofGeographical Sciences,2003,13(3):363- 372 [20] 康尔泗,程国栋,蓝永超,等.西北干旱区内陆河流域出山径流变化趋势对气候变化响应模型[J].中国科学D 辑,1999,29(增刊1):47~54.[KANG Er-si,CHENG Guo-dong,LAN Yong-chao,et al.The respond model of runoff trend to climate changein the northwest arid region.Science in China(Series D),1999,29(supp.):47- 54.] [21] 康尔泗,程国栋,董增川,等.中国西北干旱区冰雪水资源与出山径流[M].北京:科学出版社,2002.[KANG Er-si,CHENGGuo-dong,DONG Zeng-chuan,et al.Water Resource and Runoff from Mountain Areas in the Northwest Arid Region ofChina.Beijing: Science Press,2002.] [22] 杜巧玲,许学工,刘文政.黑河中下游绿洲生态安全评价[J].生态学报,2004,24(9):1916~1923.[DU Qiao-ling,XU Xue-gong,LIU Wen-zheng.Ecological security assessment for the oases in the middle and lower Heiher River.Acta Ecologica Sinica,2004,24(9):1916- 1923.]