Special Column:Celebration of the 70th Anniversary of IGSNRR, CAS

Threats on the World Heritage Natural Sites and China’s Conservation Countermeasures

  • College of Geographic Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjin g 210046, China

Received date: 2007-07-23

  Revised date: 2007-09-10

  Online published: 2008-02-01


With the subscription on the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage and going deep into the conservation and management, China’s natural heritage movement flourished. But the conservation is not ideal. On the basis of the extensive information collecting, the principle of integrity for the conservation of the natural heritage sites was put forward and the studies on the threats of worldwide natural heritage sites were carried out. It is confirmed that there is difference between the OECD and Non-OECD countries in the threats for those of the Non-OECD countries mainly include hunting, logging and poor management while the OECD countries are introduced species. Tourism pressure, mining and road construction are the common threats. Dam construction, natural disaster, and surrounding pollution may be the potential threats. The conservation status of China’s nine world natural heritage sites (five natural sites and four mixed sites) are also discussed. Among China’s threats of natural heritage sites, tourism pressure ranks first, and then management constrains, dam construction, road construction and natural disaster. The countermeasures for conserving China’s natural heritage sites are put forward: (1) from the point of theory, the theory on natural conservation should be reconstructed based on the principle of integrity;(2) from the point of practice, the threats of tourism development, dam construction and introduced species should be dealt with urgently;(3) from the point of institution, the authenticity and responsibility of the central government should be strengthened, the management system be consolidated, laws and regulations be formulated, etc.

Cite this article

ZHOU Nian-xing, LIN Zhen-shan, HUANG Zhen-fang, PAN Gang . Threats on the World Heritage Natural Sites and China’s Conservation Countermeasures[J]. JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES, 2008 , 23(1) : 25 -32 . DOI: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2008.01.004


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