Special Column:Celebration of the 70th Anniversary of IGSNRR, CAS

Zonation of Vegetation on Depositional Area of Blowout in Hulun Buir Gassland

  • College of Resources Science & Technology,State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China

Received date: 2007-06-19

  Revised date: 2007-09-12

  Online published: 2008-03-25


Three types of modern blowouts including simple blowout,compound blowout on level grassland and simple blowout on stabilized dune are identified in sandy grassland of Hulun Buir.We investigate the morphology and vegetation distribution of sand deposit of blowouts and the results indicate that the distribution of plant species has a characteristic of zonation and species vary with the morphology and scales of sand deposit.The projected configuration of sand deposit of individual blowout on level grassland is tongue-shaped.From the edge of blowout to primary grassland there are three regular crescent-shaped plant zonations that were sequentially dominated by the species of Agriophyllum pungens,Agropyron cristatum and Thymus mongolicu with sand transport direction.The depositional area of combined blowout are dismembered by the dune with slip-face,bare tongue-shaped sandy zonation,crescent-shaped plant zonation of Calamagrostis epigejos following wind and stripped zonation dominated by Agropyron cristatum which are distributed in the two-sides of the two zonations on level grassland.On stabilized dune the bare depositional area of blowout that is tongued-shaped passes through the zonations of Rosa davurica and Caragana microphylla that grew on dune before the appearance of blowout and extends to primary grassland.The leeward of bare depositional area is occupied by crescent-shaped zonation of Calamagrostis epigejos.Analyzing the factor of vegetation zonation,we found there is a cubic equation correlation between Shannon-Wiener index and burial depth of sand,which suggests that the depth of deposition may be the major factor in zonation.These results demonstrate that the vegetation zonation is induced by sand-wind activity on sandy grassland.With the expanse of temporal and spatial scales of sand deposit of blowout,the primary grassland vegetation will degrade to sand vegetation in converse succession.

Cite this article

ZHANG Ping, HASI Eerdun, WANG Shuai, ZHANG Su-hong . Zonation of Vegetation on Depositional Area of Blowout in Hulun Buir Gassland[J]. JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES, 2008 , 23(2) : 237 -244 . DOI: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2008.02.008


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