Special Column:Celebration of the 70th Anniversary of IGSNRR, CAS

The Distr ibution and Diver sity of Landscape Patches in Differ ent Lithology-Landform Types in Kar st Mountainous Ar eas

  • 1. College of Resource and Environment, Southwest University, Chongqing 400716, China; 2.Institute of Geographic
    Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China; 3.Geography Science Institute of
    Chongqing Normal University, Chongqing 400047, China; 4.Institute of Geochemistry, CAS, Guiyang 550002, China

Received date: 2007-02-03

  Revised date: 2007-03-03

  Online published: 2007-05-15


Abiotic environmental spatial variations and various disturbances were main divers, which resulted in landscape heterogeneity.Spatial patterns of landscape elements were dominantly enslaved to landform characteristics and disturbances.The objective of this study was to use Landsat TM data at a spatial resolution of 30m, 1:50 000 topographic map and 1:250 000 DEM in 2000 to determine the distribution of landscape patches and the relations among the distribution of landscape patches, lithologic types and landform types basing on patch distribution and diversity index across middle-low mountains, hills, basins and valleys from southwestern Guizhou province, China.The results indicated that in the study site, shrubbery land, sparse-forest land and moderate coverage grassland were dominant landscape types.They were obvious landscape matrixes, and controlled landscape patterns and their evolvements.Moreover, there was an evident difference of landscape patches in different lithology-landform areas.Paddy, dryland, sparse-forest land and sparsely covered grasslands are distributed primarily in intermontane basins and plateau surface of homogenous limestone, limestone /clastic rock alternations and limestone interbedded with clastic rock areas, and river valley zone, which are rich in water and heat and are located at north of the study area.Forestland and shrubbery land occurred mainly in shallow and moderate dissected low mountains.Sparsely covered grassland and shrubbery land were detected mainly on low, middle and high hills, which are dissected deeply or shallowly in homogenous dolomite areas.Seen from spatial patterns and assemblages of karst rock desertification, soil erosion and forest degradation, lithology and landform played pronounced roles in controlling the processes of eco-environmental heterogeneity.

Cite this article

SHAO Jing-an1, 2, LI Yang-bing3, WANG Shi-jie4, WEI Chao-fu1, XIE De-ti1 . The Distr ibution and Diver sity of Landscape Patches in Differ ent Lithology-Landform Types in Kar st Mountainous Ar eas[J]. JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES, 2007 , 22(3) : 478 -485 . DOI: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2007.03.018


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