JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2017, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (6): 951-960.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.20160133

• Resource Utilization and Management • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Food Security Situation and Major Grain Supply and Demand in Tibetan Region

GAO Li-wei1, 2, XU Zeng-rang1, CHENG Sheng-kui1, XU Shi-wei2, ZHANG Xian-zhou1, YU Cheng-qun1, SUN Wei1, WU Jun-xi1, QU Yun-he1, MA Jie3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. AgricultrualInformation Institute, CAAS, Beijing 100081, China;
    3. Hebei University of Engineering, Handan 056038, China
  • Received:2016-02-14 Revised:2017-01-13 Online:2017-06-20 Published:2017-06-20
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 71233007 and 41571496; The Strategy Leading Science & Technology Special Program from the Chinese Academy of Sciences (B), No. XDB03030000; Tibetan Science-Technology Major Project, No. Z2016C01G01/04; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation, No. 2016M601195.


Food security is related to the lasting stability and the sustainable development of social economy in Tibet. Based on data from household food survey and data from food market, food processing enterprises and government departments, we investigated grain production and consumption (highland barley, wheat and paddy) in Tibet. An analysis of grain supply and demand in the year of 2010 was carried out. The result showed that there was a high grain supply in 2010, which indicated that there was a high grain security in Tibet. The total grain production in 2010 was 85.09 thousand tons, and the total amount of grain consumed by local population was 88.81 thousand tons, so there was roughly a balance between grain production and consumption. But when considering that 60.8% of the grain consumed was from local production, the actual of local grain consumption was 54.0 thousand tons, which indicated that the amount of local grain production was higher than local grain consumption. Although the grain supply has been greater than the demand in Tibet (the total grain supply from major grain crop was 146.3 thousand tons, and the total grain demand was 95.9 thousand tons, and the supply was 1.5 times of demand), there was large regional disparities, especially in north Tibet (for example Nagqu prefecture) where there was an large grain supply gap in Nagqu. It is needed to strengthen the food supply in that region and improve the food security. With the increasing number and variety of foods from other provinces, the Tibetan government should transform the food marketing system of Tibet to take food producers (farmers) into the grain circulation market, and further strengthen and emphasize the role they played in food market, and focus on highland barley industry to raise local farmers’ income.

Key words: food consumption, food production, food security, grains, Tibet

CLC Number: 

  • F326.11