自然资源学报 ›› 2013, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (9): 1538-1546.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2013.09.009

• 资源生态 • 上一篇    下一篇

治理修复型水生态补偿问题分析

郭文献1,2, 付意成2, 闫丽娟2, 吴文强2   

  1. 1. 华北水利水电大学, 郑州 450045;
    2. 中国水利水电科学研究院, 北京 100038
  • 收稿日期:2012-08-21 修回日期:2012-12-04 出版日期:2013-09-20 发布日期:2013-09-20
  • 作者简介:郭文献(1979- ),男,河南安阳人,博士,副教授,主要从事水文水资源及河流生态修复研究。E-mail:guowenxian163@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(512090914);国家自然科学基金面上项目(50979114)。

Analysis of Watershed Treatment & Restoration Water Eco-compensation

GUO Wen-xian1,2, FU Yi-cheng2, YAN Li-juan2, WU Wen-qiang2   

  1. 1. North China University of Water Conservancy and Electric Power, Zhengzhou 450045, China;
    2. China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing 100038, China
  • Received:2012-08-21 Revised:2012-12-04 Online:2013-09-20 Published:2013-09-20

摘要: 流域生态补偿已成为水文水资源领域的一个热门研究课题,也是解决水资源开发利用过程中区域用水矛盾、生态破坏的一种有效途径。从流域生态破坏的不同层面和根源出发,结合流域整体协调发展的管理策略和行动计划,给出流域治理修复型水生态补偿的实施目标。从双方自由博弈纳什均衡的层面出发,进行实施流域水生态补偿的经济最优条件分析;结合生态补偿产生的经济学原理,给出影响流域水生态补偿实施的相关性分析。针对流域生态治理中遇到的实际问题,阐述影响流域治理修复型水生态补偿的实施细节。

关键词: 流域, 经济最优, 治理修复型水生态补偿, 相关性分析

Abstract: Watershed eco-compensation has attracted increasing interest as a popular research subject for water resources experts, and is also an effective approach to solve the contradiction between water resources exploitation & utilization and ecological deterioration. Several expressions of watershed water eco-compensation considering different levels and origin of watershed ecological deterioration are given. The paper elaborates the types and characteristics of watershed water ecological destruction from the level of water resources development and utilization evaluation. Combining the existing theoretical results and successful experience, the paper analyzes the theoretical system of ecological compensation in-depth to form the perfect theoretical system of watershed water related eco-compensation of restoration. The paper supplies the eco-compensation realization base analysis of Pareto economic optimum, based on watershed upstream and downstream free game Nash equilibrium result. Watershed treatment & restoration water eco-compensation impact factors correlative analysis is given in the light of environmental economics principles. Finally, we elaborate the implementation details according to the practical issues during watershed ecological control.

Key words: watershed, treatment & restoration watershed water related eco-compensation, economic optimum, correlative analysis

中图分类号: 

  • F062.2