JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2003, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (2): 189-196.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2003.02.010

• Special Column:Celebration of the 70th Anniversary of IGSNRR, CAS • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Ecological assets valuation of the Tibetan Plateau

XIE Gao-di1, LU Chun-xia1, LENG Yun-fa1, ZHENG Du1, LI Shuang-cheng2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Resources and Environment College, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2002-07-01 Revised:2002-10-16 Online:2003-04-25 Published:2003-04-25

Abstract: Based on a series of1∶1000000maps of natural resources of China,6categories of ecological assets were divided,which included forest,grassland,farmland,wetland,water body and desert.By means of GIS,the1∶4000000Ecological Assets Map of Tibetan Plateau was compiled and the relative data were calculated.According to partial global ecosystem services value evaluation results obtained by Costanza et al.(1997)along with responses of ecological questionnaire s from specialists of China,this paper established the ecosystem services value unit area of Chinese terrestrial ecosystems.We used the ecological assets value table as a basis and also adjusted price value by biomass and then,the ecological assets value of the Tibetan Plateau was estimated.The results indicated that ecosystem services value of Tibetan Plateau is some 9363.9×108 yuan annually,accounting for17.68%of annual ecosystem services value of China and0.61%of the world.The value of soil formation and disposition provided by ecosys-tem s is the highest,which occupies19.3%of the total ecosystem services value and then,the value of waste treatment takes up16.8%,water conservation value,16.5%and biodiversity,16%.The forest and the grassland ecosystem s offered the main ecosystem services value,being31.3%and48.3%of the total value provided by different ecosystem types,respectively.

Key words: ecological assets, ecosystem services, economic valuation, Tibetan Plateau

CLC Number: 

  • G304