Spatial and temporal bias of tourists' perception ofenvironmental quality
2019, 34 (11):
Environmental quality assessment research is mostly based on objective and professional evaluation, and it is less common to measure the evaluation or perception of environmental quality by residents or tourists. Ordinary people's evaluation may affect their environmental behavior, and thus promote environmental protection. This study investigates the spatial and temporal bias of tourists' perceptions of environmental quality by the environmental quality perceptions of residents, destinations, national spatial scales and current and future time scales in Beijing, Shanghai and Hainan. Some valid questionnaires were collected in Beijing (293), Shanghai (281), and Hainan (296). Data were processed using two-way mixed analysis of variance, one-sample T test, and one-way ANOVA. The study found that: (1) The current environmental quality perception of the surveyed tourists is optimistic bias compared with the whole country, that is, "spatial optimism" (the F value of the two-way mixed variance analysis is 101.09, P value<0.001, f 2=0.20). Compared with the destination, it is pessimistic (P=0.005, difference=-0.079), which means that the environmental quality of the place of residence is not as good as that of the tourism destination. There is a clear optimistic tendency for the future environmental quality perception, that is, "temporal optimism" (the future environment quality of the place of residence, mean=0.51, P<0.001; destination future environmental quality, mean=0.55, P<0.001; national future environmental quality, mean=0.46, P<0.001). (2) Tourists in different provinces and cities have different perceptions of current environmental quality. Compared with objective environmental quality assessment (EQI value), tourists in 8 provinces such as Anhui are relatively optimistic, and tourists from 7 provinces and cities such as Beijing are relatively pessimistic. There are also differences in the degree of optimistic bias in the perception of the future environmental quality of tourists. Tourists in Hebei, Shanxi, Henan, and Shaanxi provinces are more optimistic about the future environmental quality, while those in Guangdong, Guangxi, Beijing and other provinces and cities are less optimistic.
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