Comprehensive Development and Utilization Strategy of Inefficient and Idle Railway Land: Methods and Cases Study
2017, 32 (3):
Railway is one of the important infrastructures for national economic and social development. With the rapid development of railway construction, the railway land is constantly expanding. There exist a certain number of inefficient/idle railway lands, which are induced by the industrial characteristics, railway route planning & functional design, land resource management and other factors. There are certain characteristics of railway lands including public welfare, free transfer, and unlimited duration of usage. Under the circumstances of increasingly prominent bottleneck of land resources, the comprehensive development and utilization of inefficient and idle railway land resource is of great significance, which will enhance the efficiency of resource utilization, improve the value of land resource, promote the regional development and improve the quality of environment. In order to promote the healthy development of railway industry and speed up the reform of railway enterprises, currently, several policies were proposed to revitalize the existing railway land and raise the efficiency of land use. It is of great significance to fully exploit the inefficient /idle railway land resources on the basis of ensuring the safety of railway transportation. The efficient use of the stock of railway land not only performs in the utilization benefit, but also reflects in the dynamic temporal changes. According to current situation of railway land use and the utilization efficiency, the stock of railway land can be divided into three categories, including normal use, inefficient use and idle state. There is a certain number of reserved land for development in practice because of the particularity of railway planning. In order to bring the inefficient and idle railway land resources into full play, a reasonable approach of comprehensive development and utilization should be adopted. Combining with the type of land use, land-use efficiency, city planning and other factors, this paper proposed a utilization strategy based on the potential evaluation of inefficient/idle railway lands. Meanwhile, the reform of inefficient/idle railway land into construction land can be divided into several categories, such as commercial service industry, urban landscape transformation, urban rail transportation, industrial warehousing services, etc. The selections of the corresponding comprehensive utilization types are based on the location, the traffic convenience, the completeness of service facilities, and other aspects of site conditions. Four cases of inefficient and idle railway land in Nanjing city were selected as study cases. By using the comprehensive evaluation framework and multi-source data, the results demonstrate the effectiveness of the methodology.
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