Coordination and Influencing Factors between Urban Tourism and Urban Development in the Yangtze River Delta
As an important department of urban service industry, urban tourism is a subsequent power which promotes the urban development. Using the methods of Entropy and TOPSIS, the paper analyzes the coordination level between urban tourism and urban development in 2003 and 2008 of the Yangtze River Delta in six aspects: economic level, social development, public transportation, urban afforestation, environmental protection and tourism development. With the help of ArcGIS software, it uses the spatial clustering method, studying the spatial pattern and evolution of coordination level between urban tourism and urban development. The results show that the urban tourism coordination level has a good stability in 2003 and 2008, and the cities in the Yangtze River Delta can be divided into four levels. The number of the cities of the first and the second levels is less, but their scores are higher than the cities of the third and the fourth levels. The city number of the third and fourth levels is much more which accounts for more than 70% of all cities. Since 2003, the cities with higher levels of urban tourism coordination include Shanghai, Hangzhou, Suzhou, Wuxi, etc., scoring between 0.2-0.9, and the lower level of the cities include Jiaxing, Shaoxing, Zhoushan, Taizhou, etc., scoring lower than 0.2. The urban tourism coordination level of Shanghai is significantly higher than the other 15 cities, demonstrating that disparity of tourism development level is obvious. There is a larger spatial differences in the coordination level between urban tourism and urban development, the cities in the north score higher than that in the south, and the spatial distribution pattern remains stable: Shanghai, Nanjing and Hangzhou are the core cities in the Yangtze River Delta according to the score of urban tourism coordination level, presenting an attenuation properties from the core cities to the periphery and the edge cities. Industrial development, the development pattern of urban tourism, the major project investment of urban tourism and location are the main influential factors that contribute to the spatial distribution differentiation on the coordination level between urban tourism and urban development in the Yangtze River Delta, which can be targeted to the formulation of the urban tourism as a means of promoting urban development way, so as to promote the regional balanced development.
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