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Table of Content

    25 June 1990, Volume 5 Issue 2 Previous Issue    Next Issue
    Special Column:Celebration of the 70th Anniversary of IGSNRR, CAS
    ON THE TACTICS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT IN SOUTH CHINA
    Guo Wenqing
    1990, 5 (2):  97-106.  doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1990.02.001
    Abstract ( )   PDF (778KB) ( )   Save
    In the South of China, in order to reach thee middle- and long-term strategic targets of making the industrial strength match the population scale, according to the current industrial basis, and the environmental factors of resources exploitation as well as the situation of domestic and international economic development, the tactics of industrial development in this region should include the following: take the market as the lead, utilize the resources both domestic and overseas, take the beneficial economy as the core and the technique advance and industrial structure adjustment as the basis, establish the industrial structure in which the introversion and extroversion are combined, carry out an industry-inclination strategy that takes the light industries as the dominant sectors and the basic industries as the pushing sectors of the whole industry, and so on. The ultimate aim is to promote the industry development of the whole region and strengthen the economic status of his region in China.
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    THE TACTICS OF THE INDUSTRIAL RESOURCES EXPLOITATION IN THE REGION ALONG THE XIJIANG RIVER
    Li Xuejun
    1990, 5 (2):  107-115.  doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1990.02.002
    Abstract ( )   PDF (670KB) ( )   Save
    The region along the Xijiang River is a developing region with a great superiority in industrial resources. Its resources include metal minerals (mainly nonferrous metals and manganese), nonmetal minerals, hydroelectric resources, and agricultural products (mainly sugarcane and fruits of the south subtropical belt). It also has a favourable environment for industrial development. The author points out that the exploitation of the superior industrial resources must adopt the tactics which take the light industry as leading industry and must lay stress on the construction of the industry bases of sugar, fruits processing, hydropower, nonferrous metal materials. In regional industrial development, the tactics of "combine the points with the axes and move forward gradually" should be taken.
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    EXPLORATION ON THE DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY OF THE ENERGY RESOURCES IN THE SOUTH OF CHINA
    Sun Jiulin
    1990, 5 (2):  116-125.  doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1990.02.003
    Abstract ( )   PDF (744KB) ( )   Save
    In the south of China, the economy is prosperous, the population is large, but the energy resources are very deficient. The contradiction of energy supply and demand is a main problem for a long time in that region. In order to meet the needs of economic development, the speed of economic development should be properly controlled, the water resources should be fully developed and the nuclear power construction should be put in an important place. While dealing with the problem of bringing in the energy resources from outside the region, economizing the energy should be paid more attention. In addition, solving the problem of rural energy resources is another key point for the regional economic construction and energy development.
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    AN APPROACH TO THE BASIC ISSUES OF THE INDUSTRIAL RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT (IRD) AS A DISCIPLINE
    Guo Wenqing, Li Xuejun
    1990, 5 (2):  126-133.  doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1990.02.004
    Abstract ( )   PDF (593KB) ( )   Save
    Industrial resources (IR) are all the resources that can be utilized in industry, including natural resources and humanistic resources. They belong to the industrial category of resources. The study of IRD may be regarded as a discipline, and the economical development is the main aim of this discipline. The main characteristics of this discipline are the systematism and the applicability and the research contents are: the basic theory of industrial resources, the theory of industrial resources exploitation, strategy and tactics of the exploitation, types of the combination of industrial resources and the case of regional exploitation, management and the policy of resources exploitation and conservation and research methods and means of industrial resources exploitation.This paper discusses how to study this discipline and sets forward the main points of the study at the present stage.
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    ON THE DEVELOPMENT TACTICS OF THE AGRICULTURAL NATURAL RESOURCES IN THE EASTERN MOUNTAIN- HILL AREA IN THE SUBTROPICAL BELT OF CHINA
    Na Wenjun, Ma Yijie
    1990, 5 (2):  134-142.  doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1990.02.005
    Abstract ( )   PDF (660KB) ( )   Save
    In the eastern substropical mountain-hill area of China, the agricultural productive conditions are favourable. However, because the agricultural production is mainly limited to the cultivated land, the Valley agriculture has been restricting the development of the whole agriculture and some rural areas are still in the state of poverty. In this article, through synthetically studying the agricultural productive conditions and further analysing the valley agriculture, the authors emphasize that the ways for making full use of the natural resources and bringing about richness in the region are: getting rid of the fetter of "Valley agriculture", and developing the ecological agricultural production and commodiy economy.
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    ON THE EXPLOITIVE AGRICULTURE
    Ai Yunhng
    1990, 5 (2):  143-148.  doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1990.02.006
    Abstract ( )   PDF (459KB) ( )   Save
    To actively develop the exploitive agriculture may lead the farmers to open up new production realms and new wealthcreating sources, And it also is beneficial to handling the surplus labour, adjusting the industrial structure, increasing products, and developing the commodity economy.The exploitive agriculture is oriented by resources and markets and possesses the characteristics of strong specalization, bases establishment, systematization, and commercialized production. At present, the agricultural resources that have not yet been used or have not been used fully are relatively abundant. If the policy is right and the measures are effective, their potentials of development and utilization are great. So to develop the exploitive agriculture is an important way for solving the agricultural problems of China.
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    PRIMARY STUDY ON THE SUPERIORITIES, PROBLEMS AND COUNTERMEASURES OF THE RECENT DEPOSITED DELTA OF THE YELLOW RIVER
    Li Rongsheng
    1990, 5 (2):  149-155.  doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1990.02.007
    Abstract ( )   PDF (542KB) ( )   Save
    There are abundant natural oil and gas resource, land resource, biological resource and water resource in the modern delta of the Yellow River. And the delta also has conditions for constructing deep water ports. But the scale, level and speed of economic development in this area are far inferior to those in the Yangtze River and the Pearl River deltas because of the frequently changing water course in the lower reaches of the Yellow River, late discovery of natural oil and gas resource, delicate ecologic environment, and poor culture and education. In order to exploit the rich natural resources and promote econonic development in the Delta, four countermeasures have been put forward in this paper: stabilize the water in the lower reaches of the Yellow River and speed up the construction of the deep water ports, develop industry focusing on the oil production and agricultural products processing, devote major efforts to improving the middleand low-yield fields and coustructing the bases of farming, animal husbandry and fishery, protect the natural environment and build a fine-circulation ecosystem.
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    THE FOREST RESOURCES AND THEIR DEVELOPMENT POTENTIAL IN THE BEIJING-QINHUANGDAO REGION
    Wang Hesheng, Zhao Fengwei, Wang Wenming, Hong Shuhui
    1990, 5 (2):  156-168.  doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1990.02.008
    Abstract ( )   PDF (847KB) ( )   Save
    This paper is a part of the results of applying Chinese Territory Scatellite (CTS) materials to investigate forest resources in the Beijing-Qinhuangdao region. It has computed and analysed the distribution areas and main features of every type of forest resources and pointed out their development pontential. Statistics tell that the total area of forests is about 616 thousand hectares and the cover degree is about 11%. The forests are mostly distributed on mountains. But there are many lands suitable for afforestation. Such lands reach 862 thousand hectares and are distributed mainly on lower hills and in plains. The development potential is rather high as it may increase the cover degree of forests by more than 10% and their productivity by about 4-5 times.
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    THE IMPACT OF POPULATION CHANGE ON FOREST ECOLOGY AND RESOURCES IN THE WATERSHED OF THE TUMEN RIVER
    Wang Zhentang, Sheng Lianxi
    1990, 5 (2):  169-176.  doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1990.02.009
    Abstract ( )   PDF (480KB) ( )   Save
    This paper deals with the impact of human activities on forest and ecology resources in the watershed of the Tumen River. It shows that the key factor that makes forest deteriorate and ecological conditions worsen is population growth. In the last century the population increased by more than a hundrand times. As a result, 83% of the forest vegetation was des'-royed.The statistic data give us a regression equation of population (P) with respect to time(T)P = a×*exp [bXP -c/P)] where a = 0.9378,b= 0.035694And at the same time, the area of virgin forest (S) with respect to population (P) could be expressed by the equationS (P)=2×exp [-(bXP-c/P)]where S is the area of virgin forest, P is the population number, a = 1.8023, b= 0.023, and c = 0.0289Of course, what we has lost is not only a forest itself but also its by-products. The paper tries to analyze the ill effects of vegetation deterioration on natural resources historically. For example, the fur of marten, which is a precious fur and is one of the so-called three-treasures of the Northeast, has been analyzed quantitatively.
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    A STUDY ON THE RELATION BETWEEN THE DECLINE IN PHOTOSYNTHESIS AT MIDDAY AND ECOLOGICAL FACTORS FOR ANEUROLEPIDIUM CHINENSE AND STIPA GRANDIS
    Du Zhanchi, Yang Zonggui
    1990, 5 (2):  177-188.  doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1990.02.010
    Abstract ( )   PDF (680KB) ( )   Save
    This study shows that under fine-weather conditions due to difference of soil moisture content the diurnal course of photosynthesis of Aneurolepidium Chinense and Stipa Grandis has two types. When the soil moisture is sufficient, there is the monopeak type with a peak occurring before midday. When the soil is dry, there is the double peak type. In both the two types, the photosynthesis is low at midday.A comparison has been made between the two species, When the soil is dry, the decline in photosynthesis of Aneurolepidium Chinense at midday is much greater than that of Stipa Grandis. When the soil is sufficient, their declines are sinilar. No matter what the soil moisture condition may be, the low atmospheric humidity is a main ecological factor of the decline in photosynthesis at midday. The intense sunlight is a direct ecological factor of the decline in photosynthesis at midday only when the soil is dry. So the occurrence of the peak after midday is due to the decline in intensity of the sunlight.The dry soil and the low atmospheric humidity together increase the degree of the decline in photosynthesis at midday. The range of decline increases as the soil moisture decreases. Therefore, increasing the soil moisture content is the main ecological way to decrease the degree of decline in photosynthesis at midday.
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