ON THE EXPLOITATION AND UTILIZATION OF THE MARI-CULTURE ORGANISM RESOURCES IN THE XIPU BAY OF DONGSHAN ISLAND, FUJIAN PROVINCE
1992, 7 (2):
Altogether, 132 species of fishes and 42 species of invertebrates were collected in the Xipu Bay (a semi-closed bay with a seawall) of Dongshan Island, Fujian Province, during the period from September 1989 to October 1990. Among these species, Clupanodon punctatus, Spa-rus latus, Mugil cephalus, Liza carinatus, Lateolabrax japonicus, Siganus fuscescens, Penaeus penicillatus, P. semisulcalus, Metapenaeus ensis, Ponunus pelagicus, Scylla serrata and Muscu-lus senhousei are the most important in yield or value of catch. Based on the researches on the present status of organism resources and the exploitation in the Xipu Bay, it is found that the resource species decreased, the catch dropped sharply and the individual size became smaller annually. The organism resources in the bay have declined obviously. The authors consider that the decrease in total catch is mainly caused by overfishing. In order to protect the organism resources and raise the catch, it is necessary to limit fishing activities and improve environmental conditions. Furthermore, opening the sluice gates seasonally to bring fry into the bay and the measure of ranching and farming should be adopted.
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