JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2021, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (3): 541-551.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20210301

• Resources and Strategy •     Next Articles

The "Double Evaluation" under the context of spatial planning: Wicked problems and restricted rationality

HAO Qing1(), DENG Ling2(), FENG Zhi-ming3   

  1. 1. Research Institute for Eco-civilization, CASS, Beijing 100006, China
    2. Chinese Academy of Natural Resource Economics, Beijing 101149, China
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2020-02-03 Revised:2020-12-15 Online:2021-03-28 Published:2021-05-28
  • Contact: DENG Ling;


Resources and environment carrying capacity evaluation and spatial development suitability evaluation (referred to as "Double Evaluation") are considered as scientific basis and developing constraints of spatial planning. This paper analyzes and summarizes the "Double Evaluation" work in current spatial planning. The "Double Evaluation" plays an active role, but it has many problems, including insufficient recognition on the scientific nature and internal mechanisms of resources and environment carrying capacity and spatial development suitability, imperfect evaluation methods and application system, and so on. This paper intends to put forward the realistic needs of spatial planning under the concept of ecological civilization. And it is necessary to improve the scientific logic, technical logic and application logic of "Double Evaluation", so that we can improve the scientificity and practicability of "Double Evaluation". At the same time, it should be recognized that essential problems of spatial planning are wicked problems as "Double Evaluation" can only play a limited rational role. We should solve such problems through communication and cooperation so as to avoid falling into the misunderstanding of technical rationality.

Key words: spatial planning, "Double Evaluation", resource and environment carrying capacity, coupled human and natural systems, wicked problems