JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2021, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (1): 176-195.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20210112

• Ecosystem and Ecological Preservation • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Coupling relationship and interactive response between ecological protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin

LIU Lin-ke1,2(), LIANG Liu-tao1,2(), GAO Pan3, FAN Chang-sheng2, WANG Hong-hao4, WANG Han4   

  1. 1. College of Environment and Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, Henan, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Geospatial Technology for Middle and Lower Yellow River Regions, Ministry of Education, Kaifeng 475004, Henan, China
    3. College of Public Administration, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
    4. Natural Resources Bureau of Zhenping County, Nanyang city, Nanyang 474250, Henan, China
  • Received:2020-05-06 Revised:2020-11-25 Online:2021-01-28 Published:2021-03-28
  • Contact: LIANG Liu-tao E-mail:838880597@qq.com;ltliang@henu.edu.cn

Abstract:

Based on the analysis of the coupling mechanism of ecological protection and high-quality development, the provincial unit is taken as the research unit to evaluate the coupling coordination degree of ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin, compared with the Yangtze River Economic Belt. Finally, the panel VAR model is used to quantitatively analyze the interactive response relationship between ecological protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin. The main conclusions are as follows: (1) During the study period, both the ecological protection index and the high-quality development index of the Yellow River Basin showed an increasing trend, and the overall pattern of the middle and lower reaches was higher than that of the upper reaches. (2) The coupling coordination degree of ecological protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin showed an overall increasing trend. Among them, the coupling coordination degree from 2003 to 2011 was less than 0.5, which was an antagonistic stage; in 2012-2017, the coupling coordination degree is between 0.5-0.7, which belongs to the run-in stage. The metropolis in the Yellow River Basin presents a spatial pattern of downstream > middle reaches > upstream, with the highest coupling coordination between Shandong and Shanxi at the provincial level, and the lowest coupling coordination between Ningxia and Qinghai. (3) The ecological protection index of the Yellow River Basin is slightly higher than the national average. The high-quality development index and the coupling coordination degree are lower than the national average. The ecological protection index of the Yellow River Basin in the early stage (2003-2009) is lower than that of the Yangtze River Economic Belt, while it is higher in the later period (2010-2017). The high-quality development index and coupling coordination degree are lower compared with the Yangtze River Economic Belt in all the years. (4) Both the ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin have positive progressive effects and inertial development characteristics, and their effects on themselves are declining year by year, and the degree of attenuation of high-quality development is more obvious. The ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin play a positive role in promotion, but due to the overall low level of ecological protection and high-quality development and uneven internal development, the mechanism of action of the two is not significant.

Key words: ecological protection, high-quality development, coupling coordination, interactive response, Yellow River Basin