JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2019, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (10): 2175-2185.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20191013

• Compilation and Practice • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Shenyang's practice and optimizing exploration of "Three Control Lines" in territorial spatial planning

ZHANG Nian-guo(), WANG Na(), YIN Jian   

  1. Shenyang Urban Planning & Design Institute Co., Ltd, Shenyang 110004, China
  • Received:2019-04-30 Revised:2019-08-20 Online:2019-10-28 Published:2019-10-28


Before the institutional reform of the State Council, the "Three Control Lines" of ecological protection red line, permanent basic farmland and urban development boundary were delineated by different ministries, which resulted in insufficient coordination and overlapping results, and difficulties in implementing management. After the institutional reform of the State Council, the Ministry of Natural Resources is responsible for establishing a spatial planning system. It requires that the three control lines be delineated from top to bottom on the basis of the evaluation of the urban capacity of resources and environment and the suitability of territorial spatial development. This paper summarizes the manifestations and causes of contradictions and conflicts in the delimitation of the three control lines in Shenyang as a pilot city, constructs relationships between the three control lines and the three spaces of ecology, agriculture and cities, establishes the management system and adjustment rules, and explains the adjustment and optimization practices within the scope of the city. The study found that it is difficult to distinguish the functions of the three control lines overlapped in space, mainly because permanent basic farmland undertakes the mission of restricting urban spatial spread, and the index can not be adjusted across administrative regions, which results in some permanent basic farmland having to be arranged in cities; different definitions leading to some urban parks are classified as ecological protection redline; some cultivated land in ecological protection redline was previously classified as permanent basic farmland. The paper puts forward the optimization proposals of three control lines under the background of territorial spatial planning: First, we highlight the characteristics of both the policy line and the technical line, and delimit them from top down and bottom up; second, the country needs to carry on the innovation to the basic farmland adjustment policy and system; third, we will establish a hierarchical management mechanism to properly reserve the flexibility of local administrative power.

Key words: ecological protection redline, permanent basic farmland, urban growth boundary, multiple planning integration, territorial spatial planning, integrated and optimized implementation, Shenyang