JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2018, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (4): 696-708.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.20170197

• Comprehensive Discussion • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Review of Carbon Footprint Research Based on Input-Output Analysis

ZHANG Qi-feng1, FANG Kai1,2, XU Ming3,4, LIU Qing-yan5   

  1. 1. School of Public Affairs, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China;
    2. Institute of Environmental Sciences, Leiden University, Leiden 2333CC, The Netherlands;
    3. School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109-1041, USA;
    4. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109-2125, USA;
    5. School of Economics and Management, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
  • Received:2017-03-12 Revised:2017-07-08 Online:2018-04-10 Published:2018-04-10
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 71704157;Soft Science Research Program of Zhejiang Province, No. 2017C35003;Qianjiang Talents Project, No. QJC1602010;Provincial Major Humanities and Social Science Project in Universities, No. 2016GH005;Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities.

Abstract: With the intensification of global warming, climate change has been a serious challenge for human society. Carbon footprint is an up-to-date tool for measuring direct and indirect greenhouse gas emissions associated with human activities. With the aim of supporting environmental and energy policy making, carbon footprint has attracted considerable attention from academia, enterprises and the public. Main methods of carbon footprint accounting include the method based on emission inventory and factors, life cycle assessment (LCA), and input-output analysis (IOA). This paper starts with an introduction to the fundamentals of the three methods and then presents a systematic review of the development of IOA methods, such as single-regional input-output (SRIO) and multi-regional input-output (MRIO) models, with a focus on its applications in carbon footprint studies at scales of international trades, industries, consumers, regions, organizations, etc. The paper also explores the opportunities and challenges of input-output-based carbon footprint in a SWOT analysis framework, and finally outlines the possible development of hybrid methods, multi-scale multi-regional input-output (MSMRIO) models and scenario analysis for carbon footprint research.

Key words: carbon footprint, input-output analysis, multi-regional input-output (MRIO), scale, SWOT analysis

CLC Number: 

  • X196