JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2017, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (11): 1968-1982.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.20161419

• Comprehensive Discussion • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Multiple-scale Ecological Impacts of Artificial Structures in Urban Ecosystems

HU Dan1, ZHAO Dan2, GUO Zhen3   

  1. 1. State Key Lab of Urban & Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, CAS, Beijing 100085, China;
    2. Beijing Municipal Institute of City Planning & Design, Beijing 100045, China;
    3. The First Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Qingdao 266061, China
  • Received:2016-12-21 Revised:2017-04-12 Online:2017-11-20 Published:2017-11-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41171442 and 41571482; Special Research Project of National Science and Technology Ministry, No.2016YFC0502800

Abstract: Artificial structures (constructions) are important components of urban ecosystems and essential unit of human-nature coupling relations. The water, soil, air and organisms in natural ecosystems exert their functions through artificial structures on human survival, health and development. On the contrary, human activities also influence the water, soil, air and organism in natural ecosystems through artificial structures. This interaction facilitates the development of urban ecosystems. This paper summarizes recent research progresses in multiple-scale ecological impacts of artificial structures on water, soil, atmosphere and organisms in urban ecosystems, and presents the focus points in this research field and key issues to be resolved. The paper analyzes the methodological difficulties and challenges in ecology of artificial structures, and finally proposes some future tendencies in this field. The authors point out that the diversified ecological impacts of artificial structures cover the various aspects of water, soil, atmosphere and organism in urban and rural ecosystems. Current researches on this topic are dispersive and local concerned, the methods and techniques are limit, and the results of analysis have great uncertainty. Future research on key issues of this topic needs powerful multiple-scale or multiple-level approaches by means of integration of multiple-disciplinary methods, and the research will be better promoted through developing advanced techniques of ecological field observation and experiment and innovating the technology and intellectual computing for processing multiple-source or multiple-level data, and intellectual computing.

Key words: artificial structures, ecological impacts, ecology of artificial structures, multiple-scale, urban ecosystems

CLC Number: 

  • X171.1