JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2016, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (9): 1463-1473.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.20151196

• Resource Ecology • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Bibliometric Analysis on Research Progress of Four Footprint Methodologies in China

SUN Yan-zhi1, 2, SHEN Lei1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2015-11-02 Revised:2016-01-14 Online:2016-09-20 Published:2016-09-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41271547; Research and Development Program of Ministry of Science and Technology, No.2016YFA0602802

Abstract: The world has experienced rapid economical development and social progress, which led to the increasingly profound impact of human activities on sustainable development of ecological environment. Quantifying the impact is crucial to solve the ecological and environment problems during sustainable development. Footprint methodology is a quantitative analysis method including ecological footprint, water footprint, carbon footprint and energy footprint. It will lay the foundation for solving the problems of ecological environment. In this paper, basing on the bibliometrics analysis, we analyzed the research contents of four kinds of footprint methodologies published in CNKI during 2000-2015. Results showed that: 1) The idea of ecological footprint is the earliest in China, emerging in 2000, with 162 papers annually. It led to the production of water footprint and carbon footprint to a certain extent. Now the three methodologies all have been developed maturely, and the energy footprint has gradually become a new breakthrough in finding the balance between the economy development and ecological environment. 2) The research contents of four kinds of footprint contain the conception, method, assessment and application. The application indexes of ecological footprint and carbon footprint are higher than their theoretical indexes, indicating that ecological footprint and carbon footprint have more practical values. While the theoretical indexes of water footprint and energy footprint are higher than their application indexes. 3) There are some similarities among four types of footprints, and it will be of great significance to establish the comprehensive footprint theory to estimate sustainable development.

Key words: bibliometrics, carbon footprint, ecological footprint, energy footprint, water footprint

CLC Number: 

  • X37