JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2016, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (5): 732-742.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.20150613

• Experts' Forum • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The Status of Silk Road Economic Belt in the World Oil Supply Pattern and Its Evolution

ZHAO Yuan1, 2, 3, SHEN Lü-yun2, HAO Li-sha2, 3   

  1. 1. Ginling College, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097, China;
    2. School of Geographic Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China;
    3. Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2015-06-02 Revised:2015-10-28 Online:2016-05-20 Published:2016-05-19
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41371518, 41101541 and 41571513

Abstract: Promoting energy cooperation is the core and the strategic breakthrough of constructing Silk Road Economic Belt. Since it lacks of systematic analysis of the reserves, production, consumption and trade of oil resources in the Silk Road Economic Belt, this paper adopts boxplot analysis method to discuss the ranks of the main oil-producing countries in the economic belt in the world oil supply and their changes. Combining with their changing statues in oil supply-demand balance, this paper makes suggestions regarding China’s oil cooperation with main oil-producing countries in the belt. Results suggest that: 1) As to either the proven reserves, productions, R/P or exports, the economic belt is on top of the world, and is the primary sources of world’s oil supply growth; even in the diversified trend of world’s proven oil reserves and R/P, the status of the economic belt is still strong and outstanding, and in further polarized trend of world’s oil production and export, the leading superiority of Saudi Arabia and Russia is more prominent. 2) Most oil supply countries in the belt are large and medium sized countries, and are highly clustered, forming a core area along Persian Gulf and the Golden Triangle of “Russia-Kazakhstan-Azerbaijan” surrounding Caspian Sea, especially the region surrounding Caspian Sea where the strong growth has narrowed the its gap with the Persian Gulf region; the cluster of oil super supplies plays regional advantages for oil exporting countries to share regional energy infrastructures, and for oil importing countries to have more cooperation choices. 3) There are obvious fluctuations of oil production and exports, which are mainly affected by the changes of regional situation, OPEC production regulation and the fluctuations of domestic demands in oil supplying countries. 4) In the future, China should continue to take Persian Gulf countries as the major partners, and diversify the origins of oil; region surrounding Caspian Sea is another big strategic cooperator of China, where the emphasis should be focused on the cooperative construction of oil transport infrastructure; China should gradually construct a Golden Cooperation Triangle consisting of Russia, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan to hedge the risk in cooperation. 5) The cooperation between China and India also needs to be strengthened in order to enhance the regional power in barging, and improve the regional oil transportation safety.

Key words: boxplot, oil cooperation, oil supply pattern, Silk Road Economic Belt, type of supply and demand balance

CLC Number: 

  • F416.22