JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2015, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (7): 1104-1117.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2015.07.004

• Resource Economics • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Comparative Study on Land Use Efficiency before and after Rural Land Consolidation in Different Modes

WANG Wen-xiong1, ZHU Xin1, YU Li-hong2, YANG Gang-qiao1   

  1. 1. School of Land Management, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China;
    2. School of Economics South-Central University For Nationalities, Wuhan 430074, China
  • Received:2014-06-02 Revised:2014-11-14 Online:2015-07-20 Published:2015-07-14

Abstract:

Rural land consolidation could improve food production and farmers' income and agricultural efficiency, which is an important measure to promote the“three rural”issues concerning agriculture, countryside and farmers. In recent years, some places carried out rural land consolidation projects in farmer leading mode, which was different from the traditional governmentleading mode. However, how did these different modes affect the land use efficiency? Based on the household survey data, this paper measures the land use efficiency before and after the rural land consolidation under the two different modes, and compared with those of the unconsolidated lands during the same period using the super efficiency DEA model. Also, this paper studies the land use efficiency differences between the government leading rural land consolidated area and unconsolidated areas, and that between the farmer leading mode and government leading mode with DID. Research result shows that average household land use efficiency improved 0.1212 in farmer leading mode rural land consolidated areas and that improved 0.0806 in government leading rural land consolidated area after the consolidation, meanwhile it improved 0.0401 in unconsolidated areas during the same period. This means that rural land consolidation led by government can promote land use efficiency and that led by farmers is even more important to promote land use efficiency. Rural land consolidation significantly affected the land use efficiency, agricultural output and irrigation capital investment. Effective participation of farmers significantly affected the land use efficiency and irrigation capital investment too. Simultaneously, householder's education, the proportion of agricultural income, percentage of cultivated land that ensures stable yields despite drought or excessive rain, and the contracted land area significantly affected land use efficiency. Accordingly, this paper puts forward the following suggestions: 1) As to the traditional rural land consolidation projects led by government, government should establish mechanisms for farmers to participate in, provide guidance and support, broaden the channels and ways for farmers' participation to increase the level of farmers' participation, so as to further improve the decision-making and supervision of the project. Meanwhile, government should actively guide and promote the rural land consolidation in farmer leading mode by providing financial and policy support. 2) Combining with the industrialization of agriculture, rural land consolidation should achieve scale operation and improve land use efficiency, thereby increase farmers ' income and develop rural economics. 3) Government should support more for rural land consolidation projects in farmer leading mode, and develop an open and transparent investment mechanism, so as to improve the effect of the project by ensuring and increasing the project investment. 4) The forth suggestion is to carry out rural skills training, improve farmers ' educational level and bring up more elites in rural communities; farmer leading mode could be actively promoted where the proportion of agricultural income is higher and the average size of contracted land area is larger. It is encourage to let the farmers to consolidate the land themselves and give them compensations, which can promote land use efficiency.

Key words: rural land consolidation, super efficiency DEA, different modes, land use efficiency, DID

CLC Number: 

  • F301.2