JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2014, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (11): 1916-1929.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2014.11.010

• Resource Evaluation • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Pattern Evolution and Dynamic Mechanism of Coal Transportation for the Ports around Bohai

WANGWei1,2, WANG Cheng-jin1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Science and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2013-10-11 Revised:2014-02-12 Online:2014-11-20 Published:2014-11-20

Abstract: Coal supply and transfer has always been a key problem in China's social and economic system. In the transportation of coal, the most important transit node is definitely the port. As the main ports of "coal transportation from north to south", ports around Bohai play an important role in transportation system. In this paper, we choose ports around Bohai as the study subject, analyze the pattern evolution of the coal transportation since the 1970s, and summarize the main features and laws. Based on the above work, we discuss its dynamic mechanism. First of all, taking ports around Bohai as a whole, we analyze the evolution of the overall area. Then, focusing on each port, analyze the characteristics of evolution for entering and leaving, import and export. Finally, we discuss the dynamic mechanism of evolution from four aspects, such as the dislocation of coal distribution and consumer market space, model of sea-rail transportation, policy adjustments in coal import and export, variation of the industrial structure in the place of coal consuming. This study enriches the theory of transport geography, and we hope it can provide guidance for the construction of ports around Bohai and China's coal transportation planning.

CLC Number: 

  • U656.1+33