JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2013, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (6): 898-910.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2013.06.002

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Study on the Rural Energy Consumption Transition and Benefit Evaluation Induced by Tourism:A Case Study of Liupan Mountain Pro-poor Tourism Experimental Region

XI Jian-chao1, ZHAO Mei-feng1,2, LI Lian-pu1, CHEN Peng1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2012-08-24 Revised:2013-01-24 Online:2013-06-20 Published:2013-06-20

Abstract:

Rural tourism has become one of the important driving forces to the rural energy consumption patterns transition in China. Studies on the rural energy consumption transition and benefit evaluation induced by tourism provide a basis for design policy on energy strategies for rural tourism and sustainable development of rural tourism. Taking Liupan Mountain Pro-poor Tourism Experimental Region as the case study, using various investigation methods including participant observation, participatory rural appraisal, interviews, and questionnaires, this paper examines the energy consumption of rural tourism households and traditional households, and assesses the overall efficiency of the energy consumption patterns of rural tourism. Results show that the poverty reduction project has played a significant role in promoting the socio-economic development and eco-environment improvement. The total energy consumption per household of rural tourism households is 3409.43 kgce, and it is 42.67% higher than traditional households. In energy consumption structure, commercial energy is dominant in the rural tourism households, new energy (solar energy) is widely used, the proportion of traditional energy is decreased. The three ratio of rural tourism households is 93:5:2, and that of traditional households is 46.30:0.48:53.22. It also has changed the traditional energy consumption patterns and the existing pattern of "poverty life-energy shortages-environmental degradation". Compared to traditional households, the economic benefit of rural tourism households is 4.53 yuan/kgce and increases by 2.86 times, while the ecological benefit of 0.11 yuan/kgce and social benefit of 1.09 yuan/kgce have significantly improved. The study also found that in view of the extensive demonstrativeness of the rural tourism energy consumption in the poor areas, this kind of energy consumption patterns based on the large-scale input of the external traditional commercial energy should not be advocated by rural energy consumption and tourism development, and is contrary to the national rural energy policy orientation. Therefore, in rural tourism development process, based on making full use of local energy, combined with the tourism development features of humanity excrement increasing greatly, we should tap further the utilization potential of solar energy and biomass energy (biogas), and establish new energy consumption pattern predominated by new energy and supplemented by traditional biomass and commercial energy.

Key words: rural energy consumption pattern, comprehensive benefit, accounting and assessment, rural tourism

CLC Number: 

  • F323.214