JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2013, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (3): 372-380.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2013.03.002

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A Comparative Study of Farmers’ Crop Choice Behavior and Its Impact Factors in the Typical Region of Metropolitan Suburb-A Case Study in Sujiatun District in Shenyang, Liaoning Province, China

LIU Hong-bin1,2, WANG Qiu-bing1, DONG Xiu-ru1, BIAN Zhen-xing1, YU Guo-feng3, SUN Yan4   

  1. 1. College of Land and Environment, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang 110866, China;
    2. National Engineering Laboratory for Efficient Utilization of Soil and Fertilizer Resources; College of Land and Environment, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang 110866, China;
    3. Center of the Agricultural Technology Promotion in Sujiatun District Shenyang 110101, China;
    4. Shenyang Plan and Land Resources Bureau, Shenyang 110015, China
  • Received:2012-05-10 Revised:2012-12-19 Online:2013-03-20 Published:2013-03-20

Abstract:

From the perspective of the farmers’ crop choice behavior, and taking the need of Maslow Hierarchy Theory as a base, this paper built a framework to analysze the effect of the farmers’crop choice behavior concerning changes of social, economic and policy factors, in accordance with the survey data of the 238 farmers in Sujiatun district and the statistical analysis and logistic regression analysis. The results show that: the industrialization and urbanization accelerate the outskirts of large cities for non-agricultural employment opportunities and increase the demand for agricultural products; the farmers’ crop choice behavior is a clear "non-food" and "non-agricultural sectors" trends in different regions, there is the "anti-ring" style map of the planting pattern in space, as growing food crops in the suburb → the food crops and cash crops in the outer suburb → the cash crops in the rural area. Based on the study, by the external environment, including urban expansion, economic structure, changes in market prices, policy institutional arrangements and internal environment, including personal characteristics, family characteristics, resource endowments, it explores the influencing factors on the mechanism of the farmers’crop choice behavior. The results show that the direction, degree and significance of impact factors in different regions differ. According to the above findings, the government should proceed from encouraging farmers to develop leisure agriculture in suburbs, reasonably leading the peasants to take advantage of the market, and training new farmers in order to guide the land use behavior of farmers in the region, to optimize the agricultural structure, promote the rational utilization of rural land and improve the efficiency of land use, and realize the sustainable use of the land resource.

Key words: land use, farmers’crop choice behavior, logistic regression analysis, metropolitan suburb, farmers

CLC Number: 

  • F301.24