JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2017, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (5): 715-726.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.20160532

• Resource Utilization and Management •     Next Articles

Measurement and Sensitivity Analysis of Unbalance Degree of Land Development: From the Perspective of Farmland Development Restriction

CAO Rui-fen1,2, ZHANG An-lu2   

  1. 1. Department of Land Resources Management, Zhejiang Gongshang University, Hangzhou 310018, China;
    2. College of Land Management, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
  • Received:2016-05-22 Revised:2017-01-15 Online:2017-05-20 Published:2017-05-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.71373095 and 71573101; Humanities and Social Science Foundation of Ministry of Education, No.14JZD009; the Special Fund of Basic Service Fee of Scientific Research in Central University, No.2662016PY078

Abstract: With the unbalanced development opportunities of farmland as research object, we constructed model to measure unbalanced land development from the perspective of land structure and financial rights and responsibility of land respectively. After giving weights to the two aspects based on their contribution to the unbalance degree of economic development, we calculated the comprehensive unbalance degree of land development with method of weighted summation. Then, by employing provincial panel data in China during 2009-2013, an empirical analysis was made to explore the spatial and temporal differences of the unbalance degree of land development. The results showed that the overall unbalance degree of land development in China was high, which was 1.156, but it decreased year by year, from 1.235 in 2009 to 1.083 in 2013 with average annual decrease rate of 3.07%; at provincial level, the regional difference of the unbalance degree was significant, and the unbalance degree showed growth trend from the eastern coastal developed regions to central regions, and then to southwest, northeast and northwest regions. Among which, Shanghai got the lowest unbalance degree of land development which was only 0.178, while Heilongjiang got the highest unbalance degree of up to 3.148. Besides, we analyzed the sensitivity of unbalance degree to fiscal transfer payment, so as to provide a theoretical basis for reform of fiscal transfer payment. The results show that fiscal transfer payment system helps decrease the unbalance degree of land development, and the sensitivities of unbalanced degree to fiscal transfer payment were different significantly in different areas. The study attempts to quantify the unbalance degree of land development, which may lay a theoretical foundation for relieving the unbalanced land development and balancing the regional development.

Key words: fiscal transfer payment, land use structure, rights of finance and responsibilities of land, sensitivity analysis, imbalance land development

CLC Number: 

  • F321.1