JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2023, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (5): 1135-1149.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20230502

• Innovations of Theory and Practice in Heritage Sites Protection and Inheritance for the New Era • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Formation mechanism of heritage responsibility behavior of residents in the tourism community of cultural heritage sites:Based on the fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis

JU Ying-ying1(), CHENG Li2,3()   

  1. 1. Department of History & Tourism Management, Changzhi University, Changzhi 046011, Shanxi, China
    2. Tourism School, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China
    3. International Laboratory for Interdisciplinary Tourism & Heritage Research, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China
  • Received:2022-06-20 Revised:2022-12-05 Online:2023-05-28 Published:2023-05-15
  • Contact: CHENG Li;


Tourism community residents are the ultimate guardians of heritage, but their heritage responsibility behavior has not been concerned. Based on the fuzzy set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fsQCA) method, this paper constructed a complex causal model of residents' heritage responsibility behavior with internal driving factors and social embedding factors as dependent variables. This paper took the Pingyao ancient city community as an example and made an empirical analysis based on the questionnaire survey results. The results show that: (1) There are eight condition configurations that can promote the formation of residents' heritage responsibility behaviors, among which residents' heritage responsibility behavior attitude, place attachment, relational embeddedness, political embeddedness, and cultural embeddedness are the necessary conditions for the formation of heritage responsibility behaviors. The above variables have more substantial explanatory power for residents' heritage responsibility behaviors than other variables. (2) Five modes can drive residents to form high-level heritage responsibility behavior, and a single variable cannot achieve high-level heritage responsibility behavior. The formation mechanism is characterized by multiple configurations and systems. The original coverage of the core existence mode of behavioral attitude, place attachment, political embeddedness, and cultural embeddedness is the highest. The original coverage of the configuration with missing minor conditions is lower than that of the configuration without missing minor conditions. (3) The factors affecting residents' heritage responsibility behavior are complicated and interactive. The lack of a single factor is not the bottleneck to form heritage responsibility behavior. Subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, and structure embeddedness in different paths have different effects on heritage responsibility behavior. When subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, and structural embeddedness are insufficient, the implementation of heritage responsibility behavior can be improved by promoting residents' place attachment, political embeddedness and cultural embeddedness. Finally, this paper has important practical guiding significance to perform heritage protection for the government and managers of cultural heritage sites.

Key words: residents, heritage responsibility behavior, formation mechanism, cultural heritage