JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2021, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (9): 2382-2393.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20210915

• Method Innovation for Territorial Space Security Planning • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Urban physical examination evaluation methods and improvement strategies for territory space security: The case study of Guangzhou

ZHAN Mei-xu1(), WEI Zong-cai2, WANG Jian-jun1, ZHOU Xiao-tian1, PENG Dan-li2   

  1. 1. Guangzhou Urban Planning & Design Survey Research Institute, Guangzhou 510006, China
    2. School of Architecture, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510641, China
  • Received:2020-07-03 Revised:2020-11-09 Online:2021-09-28 Published:2021-09-15
  • Contact: WEI Zong-cai E-mail:147683167@qq.com

Abstract:

China is experiencing the fastest urbanization process in the urban development history of the world. However, several urban issues, such as environmental pollution, extensive and disorderly development, and insufficient governance, have risen to hinder the sustainable development of Chinese cities. As a new type of urban governance mode that implements the requirements of the Central Urban Work Conference, urban physical examination has been prioritized on the working agenda of local governments, in order to solve striking problems including "urban diseases" and to promote high-quality development. However, scholarly discussions on the methods and implementation strategies of urban physical examination have received little attention. Guangzhou is selected as a pilot city for carrying out nationwide urban physical examinations. It has certain innovations in terms of the selection and optimization of indicator evaluation system, diagnosis of urban issues and exploration of implementation strategies. Taking Guangzhou as an example, on the basis of reviewing territory space security, urban physical examination and related research, a basic framework for urban security assessment research was initially established on urban security dimension. Subsequently, the principles of operability and rationality was adopted to select the indicators, and an innovative technical method for screening and optimization of the index system was proposed. Based on more than 10000 questionnaire surveys collected from government departments and citizens, we combined the top-down transmission control with the bottom-up social demands, and further proposed that policies and regulations, standards and norms, action plans, construction projects could be integrated to promote the urban physical examination. Furthermore, the effectiveness of urban safety improvement was continuously monitored through social satisfaction surveys and physical examination information platforms. This study can provide some references for conducting urban physical examinations throughout the country.

Key words: urban physical examination, territory space security, satisfaction survey, Guangzhou