JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2021, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (9): 2219-2247.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20210905

• Theoretical Exploration on Territorial Space Security • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The connotation of territory and the suggestions of drawing up spatial planning in the New Era

HAO Qing1(), PENG Jian2, WEI Ye3, WANG Feng-long4, YAO Hua-song5, LI Yi6, WANG Wei7, ZHANG Shu-hai8, DENG Ling9, ZHAO Yun-tai10, MA Xue-guang11, GE Da-zhuan12, DAI Jun-cheng13, ZHU He14, ZHANG Mao-xin15   

  1. 1. Institute of Ecological Civilization Study, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing 100006, China
    2. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    3. School of Geographical Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
    4. School of Geography, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
    5. Public Administration School, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China
    6. Hohai University Institute of Public Administration, Nanjing 211000, China
    7. School of Government, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing 100081, China
    8. School of Public Administration and Policy, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
    9. Chinese Academy of Natural Resource Economics, Beijing 101149, China
    10. China Land Surveying and Planning Institute, Beijing 100035, China
    11. School of International Affairs and Public Administration, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, Shandong, China
    12. College of Geography, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
    13. Cultural Economics Research Institute, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing 100081, China
    14. Institute of Geography Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    15. Land Academy for National Development, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
  • Received:2020-10-26 Revised:2021-03-05 Online:2021-09-28 Published:2021-09-15


A better understanding of the connotation of "territory" is a prerequisite for developing the theoretical system and advancing the practical work of spatial planning. It is necessary to constantly update the understanding of "territory" in accordance with the development of disciplines and the changes in the real needs of spatial governance. Therefore, this journal invited 15 young scholars to discuss the connotation of "territory". The main points of view are as follows: (1) Territory is a complex coupled human and natural systems, with the characteristics of pluralism on elements and nesting on spatial and temporal scales. It is necessary to use the thinking of "landscape, forest, field, lake and grass" as a life community to carry out the comprehensive development and utilization and systematic restoration and protection of territory, so that it can become a natural governance platform. (2) Territory is a network space constructed by "flow" and a relational space composed of different stakeholders. It is necessary to integrate the territory through the "space of flows" to promote the sharing of resources and elements between regions to achieve coordinated development; it is also necessary to pay attention to the reconstruction of human and natural relationships and interpersonal relationships, coordinate the interests of multiple subjects, and achieve harmonious development. (3) Territory is a human space. It is necessary to fully perceive the risks, suitability, constraints, and accessibility of the territory. We need compile people-oriented spatial planning to enhance the ecological value, aesthetic value and humanistic care of territory. (4) Territory is the object of spatial planning and governance. It is a specific spatial carrier with marine space, rural space and cultural space, etc. It has attributes such as rights and assets. It is necessary to realize the unified management of resources and assets in the spatial planning, and highlight its economic value, social value and ecological value to achieve the diversified needs of high-quality development and high-quality life for territory.

Key words: territory, spatial planning, spatial governance, coupled human and natural systems