JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2021, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (8): 1909-1922.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20210801

• Special Forum on Ecosystem Assessment •     Next Articles

Research progress and prospect for the relationships between ecosystem services supplies and demands

SHEN Jia-shu1,2(), LI Shuang-cheng1,2(), LIANG Ze1,2, WANG Yue-yao1,2, SUN Fu-yue1,2   

  1. 1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    2. Key Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes of the Ministry of Education, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2020-01-03 Revised:2020-06-16 Online:2021-08-28 Published:2021-10-28
  • Contact: LI Shuang-cheng E-mail:jiashu_shen@pku.edu.cn;scli@urban.pku.edu.cn

Abstract:

Understanding the relationships between ecosystem services supplies and demands is of vital importance for sustainably utilizing natural capital and coordinating ecosystem services supplies and demands. According to the previous research on ecosystem services at home and abroad, the research framework of the relationships among ecosystem services supplies and demands was put forward in this study. Within this framework, the formation mechanisms and representations of the relationships between ecosystem services supplies and demands were explained, the basic characteristics of the relationships between ecosystem services supplies and demands were summarized, and the potential research focuses were proposed, which could provide a guidance for the studies on the ecosystem services and the governance of ecosystem services. In general, there were two non-exclusive mechanisms that formed the relationships between ecosystem services supplies and demands. On the basis of these formation mechanisms, the representations of the relationships between ecosystem services supplies and demands included bundles, trade-offs, synergies and no-effect relationships. In terms of the characteristics, the relationships between ecosystem services supplies and demands could be spatially heterogeneous, temporally variable and scale dependent. The construction and evaluation of indexes, statistical analysis of indicators, development and simulation of scenarios, and spatial mappings and analysis were the four main methods to study the relationships between ecosystem services supplies and demands.

Key words: relationships between ecosystem services supplies and demands, formation mechanism, representation, characteristic, research method