JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2021, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (7): 1777-1791.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20210711

• Special Feature on "Innovation and Development of Red Tourism Resources of China" • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Spatio-temporal distribution and network structure of red tourism flow in Jinggangshan

WANG Jin-wei1,2(), WANG Guo-quan1,2,3, LIU Yi1,2, LEI Ting1,2, SUN Jie1,2, WANG Xin1,2,3   

  1. 1. School of Tourism Sciences, Beijing International Studies University, Beijing 100024, China
    2. Research Center for Beijing Tourism Development, Beijing 100024, China
    3. China Academy of Culture & Tourism, Beijing International Studies University, Beijing 100024, China
  • Received:2021-02-08 Revised:2021-04-06 Online:2021-07-28 Published:2021-09-28

Abstract:

Tourism flow is an important indicator of industrial operation of red tourism destination, which plays a significant guiding role for the planning and management of tourism destinations. Based on 1286 online travel notes of typical travel websites (2000-2020), this paper uses ArcGIS spatial analysis method and social network analysis method to examine the spatio-temporal distribution and network structure characteristics of Jinggangshan red tourism flow. Results show that: (1) Tourism flow in Jinggangshan has formed a double-core and multi-point spatial pattern with "Ciping-Huangyangjie" as the center, while the temporal distribution presents a periodic seasonal difference, which is closely related to climatic and phenological changes, holiday system and other factors. (2) Tourism flow network in Jinggangshan presents a "core-periphery" hierarchical structure, and forms a "Longshi-Dujuanshan" dense flow area in the northwest-southeast direction, in which the tourist flow between Huangyangjie, Longtan and Ciping is most frequent, occupying the core position of tourism distribution hub. Erling, Tongmuling, Xiangzhou and Xiankou occupy the peripheral position of tourism flow network. The reasons for this hierarchical structure are mainly related to tourism transportation, supporting facilities, tourism attractiveness, geographical location and other factors. (3) The 11 nodes (scenic spots) in Jinggangshan tourism flow network can be divided into three categories: diffusion type, balanced type and agglomeration type. Among them, Ciping is the only diffusion-type scenic spot, Longshi is the only agglomeration-type scenic spot, while Huangyangjie, Longtan, Zhufeng, Dujuanshan and Maoping belong to balanced-type scenic spots. Among all the flow paths between 11 nodes, "Ciping→Huangyangjie" and "Huangyangjie→Longtan" are the core routes in the tourism flow network. In order to further promote the development of Jinggangshan red tourism in the new period, this research puts forward the following suggestions: (1) Strengthening the exploration of the revolutionary history and the connotation of red culture in scenic spots, develop diversified theme tourism products in different seasons and the characteristics of holiday system, so as to attract the deep participation of different groups, and obtain the understanding of the red revolutionary spirit. (2) Improving infrastructure and tourism route planning, enhance the integration degree of peripheral scenic spots (nodes) in the tourism flow network, and create a more systematic and balanced tourism network. (3) Allocating red tourism resources and other economic and social elements rationally within Jinggangshan region, and strengthen the driving role of the agglomeration-type scenic spots and core routes in the tourism flow network, so as to realize the integration and coordinated development for Jinggangshan red tourism.

Key words: red tourism, tourism flow, spatial-temporal distribution, network structure