JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2021, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (7): 1734-1748.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20210708

• Special Feature on "Innovation and Development of Red Tourism Resources of China" • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The integration and development of red tourism resources in the Central Soviet Area from the perspective of cultural ecology

LING Ming-shui1(), YAN Yi1, ZENG Chun-shui1(), ZHU He2, WANG Fu-yuan2   

  1. 1. College of Tourism, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350117, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2021-03-29 Revised:2021-05-10 Online:2021-07-28 Published:2021-09-28
  • Contact: ZENG Chun-shui;


Red tourism resources are the main carrier of Chinese revolutionary spirit. Its protection and tourism utilization are faced with the problems of fraction, fragmentation and static, which requires the research of integrated development. By using GIS spatial analysis methods and modified gravity models, this paper takes the core area of the Central Soviet Area as an example to study the spatial pattern and cultural ecological changes of red tourism resources, based on the theory of cultural ecology. Then, strategies for integrated development of red tourism resources are discussed in the study. Conclusions are as follows: (1) The red tourism resources distribution is featured by local clustering in space. The Soviet Area in Southern Jiangxi forms a pattern of "Golden Triangle" consisting of Zhanggong district, Ruijin city and Yudu county, while the Soviet Area in Western Fujian presents a pattern of "Silver Rhombus" composed of Xinluo district, Yongding district, Shanghang county and Liancheng county. (2) Most of major documented events of the red tourism resources occurred within a range of 8.9-106.6 km in the Soviet Areas of Western Fujian and Southern Jiangxi, which laid the cultural ecological foundation for tourism in the belt/planar-shaped pattern, showing a consistent development trend towards a service-led industry. (3) The local network connection development direction of red tourism resources is spatially dislocated with development direction of cultural ecology based service-led industry. This is the fundamental reason for the strong internal connection of the red tourism resources in Southern Jiangxi and Western Fujian, and the weak connection for the cross-regional network. Following the development principles of cultural ecological spaces integration, comprehensive network connection and dynamics of main types for the red tourism resources, this research proposed three strategies for integrated development in order to promote the high-quality development of red tourism in the Central Soviet Area, namely, priority integrated development for spatial sources cluster areas, priority integrated development for cross-regional red tourism resources with high development index and priority integrated development for the key nodes of different types of the red tourism resources.

Key words: red tourism resources, cultural ecology, integration and development, Central Soviet Area