JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2021, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (7): 1718-1733.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20210707

• Special Feature on "Innovation and Development of Red Tourism Resources of China" • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Symbiosis potential energy of red tourism resources in Hunan

XU Chun-xiao(), TANG Hui, MENG Yuan-yuan, NING Chuan-chuan   

  1. School of Tourism, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China
  • Received:2021-02-27 Revised:2021-04-18 Online:2021-07-28 Published:2021-09-28


The symbiotic development of red tourism resources and other types of tourism resources is an inevitable phenomenon of market allocation of resources, so the research is of great significance. Taking the tourism resources of Hunan province as objects and the scenic spots as symbiosis units, we identified scenic spots into five types of red-dominated, green-dominated, blue-dominated, patina-dominated, and entertainment-education-dominated through the type structure of tourist resources. Calculating the symbiosis potential energy based on the scenic spots' quality index and the convenience index between them, and using Ucinet and ArcGIS software analysis based on social network theory, we found that there are five levels of symbiosis potential energy in tourism resources of Hunan, which express properties of the primary contact center of pure altruism, the secondary contact center of altruism, the important contact point of symmetrical mutual benefit, the general contact point of asymmetric mutual benefit, and the loose contact point of pure egoistic, while red tourism resources showed an absolute advantage in symbiosis potential energy. Red tourism resources play a significant organizational role in the tourism resource symbiosis system, which is composed of five symbiosis communities. Among them, one community, with the advantage of Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan (CZT) red tourism resources, has the closest internal connection and the best symbiosis potential energy, while the internal connection in the other four symbiosis communities decreases in the order of the first one co-constructed by tourism resources of patina, red and blue in southern Hunan, the second one co-constructed by tourism resources of green and patina in western Hunan, the third one with green-advantaged tourism resources in southwestern Hunan and the last one with patina-advantaged tourism resources in the area around Dongting Lake. The symbiosis community with the advantage of red tourism resources in CZT has connections with all the other four symbiosis communities, and it has a closer contact with the one which is co-constructed by tourism resources of patina, red and blue in southern Hunan. There is a closer relationship between the symbiosis community co-constructed by patina, red and blue tourism resources in southern Hunan and the symbiosis community with green-advantaged tourism resources in southwestern Hunan. Red tourism resources are the main body of the core area of the tourism resources symbiosis system in Hunan. Among 53 scenic spots in the core area, 18 are red-dominated scenic spots, accounting for 33.96%; 27 belong to the symbiosis community with the advantage of red tourism resources in CZT, accounting for 50.9%. The research results show that red tourism resources perform strong support and synergy for the development of Hunan's tourism industry, and reflect the unique value of promoting regional high-quality development.

Key words: high-quality development, symbiosis, market allocation resources, red tourism resources, Hunan province