JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2021, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (7): 1700-1717.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20210706

• Special Feature on "Innovation and Development of Red Tourism Resources of China" • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The spatial optimization of red tourism resources utilization based on the resilience of "ruralism-ecology" system: A case study of Dabie Mountains Old Revolutionary Base Area

ZHU Yuan-yuan1,2(), WANG Zi-wei1,2, GU Jiang1,2(), YU Rui-lin1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Geographic Process Analysis & Simulation Hubei Province, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China
    2. Academy of Wuhan Metropolitan Area, Hubei Development and Reform Commission & Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China
  • Received:2020-12-14 Revised:2021-02-02 Online:2021-07-28 Published:2021-09-28
  • Contact: GU Jiang E-mail:zhuyy990@126.com;gujiang@mail.ccnu.edu.cn

Abstract:

The red tourism resources utilization and development of tourist destination have a strong disturbance to human-earth areal system. Based on the resilience evaluation of "ruralism-ecology" system, this study presents a spatial utilization pattern of red tourism resources, which is conducive to promoting the development of red tourism resources and regional sustainable development mutual win-win situation. Taking the Dabie Mountains Old Revolutionary Base Area as an example, we constructed a resilience level evaluation system of the "ruralism-ecology" system of red tourism from four aspects of economy, society, culture and ecology, and identified the spatial characteristics and types of red tourism resources. The results showed that: (1) The resilience of "ruralism-ecology" system in each county was mainly at the middle and low levels, characterised by "high in the middle and low in the surroundings". (2) The resilience of subsystems in the region was barely coordinated, and the coordination of county-level administrative units presented an "olive-shaped" hierarchical structure with more counties at medium level and less counties at high and low levels. (3) The cold spot and hot spot areas of red tourism resources located on the north and south sides of the Dabie Mountains and the central part of the study area, showed a pattern of "large agglomeration, and small dispersion", which were divided into 5 clusters based on their scale and influence. (4) In areas with high concentrations of red tourism resources, the resilience of the "ruralism-ecology" system can be developed to a higher level through the reconstruction of internal elements. In the low- and medium-density areas of red tourism, the resilience of the "ruralism-ecology" system was weak in absorbing and adapting to external disturbances, which inhibited the development of red tourism resources. According to the evaluation results, the spatial pattern of red tourism resources utilization of "three regions, two belts and three cores" can be constructed preliminarily, and differentiated suggestions were put forward from the perspective of "ruralism-ecology" system resilience in different regions. The research results aim to mitigate the interference of the development of red tourism resources to the "ruralism-ecology" system.

Key words: "ruralism-ecology" system, red tourism resources, system resilience, space optimization, Dabie Mountains Old Revolutionary Base Area