JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2021, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (3): 722-736.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20210314

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Spatial structure of tourist market and its influencing factors in the Yangtze River Delta theme parks: A case study of Shanghai Happy Valley, Changzhou Dinosaur Park and Wuhu Fangte

YANG Zhao(), LIU Yong-ting, QIN Jin-fang, LIU Bin, WANG Pan-pan, LIU Shi-jie, XU Zhi-yun   

  1. School of Geography and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241002, Anhui, China
  • Received:2019-09-25 Revised:2019-12-18 Online:2021-03-28 Published:2021-05-28


Taking three large-scale amusement theme parks in the Yangtze River Delta as cases, this paper analyzed the spatial structure of theme parks' tourist market based on mathematical statistics method and GIS spatial analysis. The method of GeoDetector was used to identity the impact factors and their interactions. The results showed that: (1) The spatial distribution of tourist flow in the Yangtze River Delta theme parks presented an overall pattern of "point-axis radiation in the core area (Yangtze River Delta), planar homogeneity in the peripheral area (provinces bordering the Yangtze River Delta), and dotted distribution in the edge area". The main boundary of tourist flow distribution was established in the delta, and the core market boundary was located in the provincial-level regions (except Shanghai). (2) The spatial distribution characteristics of tourist flow varied in time period and three destinations. The curve of tourism space used in amusement theme parks showed a typical basic feature. In normal times tourists were found in the neighboring region, while on holidays tourists were in the distant region. (3) There was some heterogeneity in the main range and form of tourist flow in the three theme parks. The market domain shape of Happy Valley was similar to that of Dinosaur Park. On the whole, Fangte's market domain was pie-shaped. Eighty percent of the three theme parks' market areas overlapped, and there existed a certain spatial competition among the three theme parks. The rank and status of the cities in which the parks were located affected the distribution pattern of tourists. (4) The influencing factors of the theme parks' tourism market varied in spatial degree and intensity. Economic connection intensity, per capita disposable income of residents and the distance were the leading factors affecting tourist flow, but the leading driving factors in different regions differed significantly. Two influencing factors, bilinear and nonlinear, interacted with each other, which could well explain the spatial distribution of tourist sources.

Key words: theme park, spatial characteristics, influence factor, Yangtze River Delta