JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2021, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (3): 659-673.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20210310

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Spatial pattern and coordination optimization mode of multifunction of rural settlements

QU Yan-bo1(), LIU Min1, ZHU Wei-ya2(), ZHAN Ling-yun1, PING Zong-li2   

  1. 1. School of Public Management, Shandong University of Finance and Economics, Jinan 250014, China
    2. Shandong Land Survey and Planning Institute, Jinan 250014, China
  • Received:2019-09-05 Revised:2019-12-16 Online:2021-03-28 Published:2021-05-28
  • Contact: ZHU Wei-ya E-mail:yanboqu2009@126.com;425111018@qq.com

Abstract:

With the integration of urban and rural development and the increasing demand of rural households, it is important to improve rural living environments and implement the rural revitalization strategy for the coordination of multifunction of rural settlements. We selected Wangcun town of Shandong province as the study area. This paper, based on the "identification-diagnosis-optimization" logical thinking, builds an evaluation index system of multifunction of rural settlements from the perspective of living-production-ecological function, and uses the spatial auto-correlation, coordination degree and disorder diagnosis model to analyze the spatial pattern, coordination and obstacle factors of multifunction of rural settlements. Then it establishes a promotion and coordination optimization model of multifunction of rural settlements. The results show that: (1) The overall performance of the surveyed rural settlements in Wangcun town is good in production function, average in living function, but poor in ecological function. Different functions have significant spatial heterogeneity. (2) The overall coordination of living-production-ecological function of rural settlements in the town of Wang village is relatively high, but the coordination type is obviously complicated and unbalanced. (3) The living-production-ecological function coordination-obstacle factors of multifunction of rural settlements in Wangcun Town are generally similar and have no barriers in individual villages. Land use intensity, traffic conditions, resource endowment, infrastructure construction and ecological environment are the main obstacles to high-intensity coordination of multifunction of rural settlements. (4) Based on the combination of obstacle factors, the coordination optimization model of multifunction of rural settlements is proposed, which provides a theoretical reference for sustainable rural development.

Key words: rural settlements, multifunction, spatial pattern, coordination, optimization mode, Wangcun town