JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2021, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (2): 290-299.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20210202

• Resources and Strategy • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Systematically promoting the construction of natural ecological protection and governance capacity: Experts comments on Master Plan for Major Projects of National Important Ecosystem Protection and Restoration (2021-2035)

GUAN Feng-jun1(), LIU Lian-he1, LIU Jian-wei1, FU Ying1, WANG Ling-yun1, WANG Feng1, LI Yong1, YU Xing-di1(), CHE Na2, XIAO Ying2   

  1. 1. Consulting and Research Center of the Ministry of Natural Resources, Beijing 100035, China
    2. China Natural Resources News, Beijing 100860, China
  • Received:2020-10-13 Revised:2020-12-12 Online:2021-02-28 Published:2021-04-28
  • Contact: YU Xing-di;


Master Plan for Major Projects of National Important Ecosystem Protection and Restoration (2021-2035) (hereinafter referred to as The Plan) is the first comprehensive plan involving ecosystem protection and restoration after the 19th National Congress of the CPC (2017), which plays a significant strategic and guiding role in undertaking related tasks. The promulgation of The Plan, accomplished by the Chinese government departments concerned, is a successful beginning for jointly arranging major projects in natural resources across departments, disciplines and regions. Recently, some critical contents relating to The Plan, such as the opportunities and challenges of implementation, were discussed by seven experts from Consulting and Research Center of the Ministry of Natural Resources. The key opinions are as follows. In order to work efficiently guided by The Plan, its four main characteristics need to be especially concerned, including systematic and continued deployment; strategic and coordinating policies; objectives-problems dual oriented tasks; and scientific and specific methods. Meanwhile, it is necessary to deal with three kinds of crucial relationships about aims and assignments properly, which are ecosystem protection and utilization, ecosystem restoration and ecological compensation, ecosystem protection and controls on territory use. Besides, seven valued aspects are still worthy to be deeply pondered and some suggestions are proposed, including: establishing diversified financing mechanism, clarifying responsibility of different entities carrying on ecological protection and restoration, formulating related systematic technical standards, strengthening databases and information platforms, optimizing territory use control regulation to adapt to the major projects of The Plan, coordinating ecological protection and natural resources especially energy resources exploitation, reinforcing early basic and comprehensive investigation and later strict surveillance as well. In addition, it is requisite to monitor and evaluate the executive conditions of The Plan and other supporting policies, so as to adjust and improve The Plan in time, which is beneficial to fulfill tasks and achieve goals.

Key words: ecosystem restoration, major projects, governance capacity