JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2020, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (11): 2803-2820.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20201119

• Expert Interview • Previous Articles    

Interview on the unprecedented changes of energy geopolitics and national energy security

YANG Yu1,2,3(), YU Hong-yuan4, LU Gang5, WANG Li-mao1,2, ZHAO Yuan6,7,8, HAO Li-sha6, REN Dong-ming9, FANG Wei10,11, AN Hai-zhong10,11, CAI Guo-tian12   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. Institute of Strategy Research for Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao Greater Bay Area, Guangzhou 510070, China
    4. Institute for Comparative Politics and Public Policy, Shanghai Institutes for International Studies, Shanghai 200233, China
    5. Energy Strategy and Planning Research Institute, State Grid Energy Research Institute Co., Ltd., Beijing 100052, China
    6. School of Geographic Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
    7. Jinling College, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097, China
    8. Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, Nanjing 210023, China
    9. Energy Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Marco-Economy Research, Beijing 100038, China
    10. School of Economic and Management, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
    11. Key Laboratory of Carrying Capacity Assessment for Resource and Environment, Ministry of Natural Resources, Beijing 100083, China
    12. Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, CAS, Guangzhou 510640, China
  • Received:2020-09-12 Revised:2020-09-23 Online:2020-11-28 Published:2021-01-28


In the context of unprecedented changes of energy geopolitics, China's current energy situation is becoming increasingly complex, and energy security has become a major strategy for national economic development. Under the new situation, not only the scientific issues, research objects, and research methods of the world energy geography and national energy security at the interdisciplinary perspective, but also the global energy governance system and international energy cooperation based on the actual needs of China are worth discussion among experts and scholars. This article uses the form of "question and answer (Q&A)" to provide a panoramic view of the host and nine academic interviewees based on different perspectives. Experts express their opinions in a range of content, including energy security and global energy governance model, the challenges and countermeasures of China's energy security, the new changes of global energy geopolitics, the energy security under the geographical pattern of unequal world energy production and consumption space, the high-quality development of China's energy under the trend of global low-carbon transformation, changes in the global energy supply and demand pattern affected by major public health emergencies, and future research prospects and important research directions of energy geography. We hope that a certain consensus can be reached, so as to better promote the development of the discipline of world energy geography, as well as actively respond to issues such as the unprecedented change of energy geopolitics and national energy security.

Key words: world energy geography, energy geopolitics, energy security, unprecedented changes, energy revolution