JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2020, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (9): 2105-2119.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20200906

• Special Forum of "Issues of Agriculture, Farmer and Rural Area in the New Era" • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The process and enlightenment of community disempowerment in lake-type tourism destination:Taking Anhui Taiping Lake as an example

YIN Shou-bing1,2, WANG Xin1   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241002, Anhui, China;
    2. Center for Tourism Planning and Research, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241002, Anhui, China
  • Received:2019-12-30 Revised:2020-05-09 Published:2020-11-27

Abstract: Empowerment is an important field of community participation in tourism research. Disempowerment is the corresponding concept of empowerment, and the study of disempowerment can provide a solid theoretical basis and path for the exploration of empowerment. In the case of the Taiping Lake, using the methods of literature analysis, in-depth interview and field investigation, based on the community empowerment analytic framework, this study explored the process of community disempowerment in lake-type tourist destinations and found that the right of fishermen was weakened on political, economic, social, and psychological aspects. Unfair distribution of economic benefits is the most direct factor of the loss of community residents' sense of power. To change the power relationship between interest subjects, the request of political rights and interests generally becomes the auxiliary means of economic appeal, and the disempowerments of economy, politics and society can lead to the emergence of community psychology "sense of power". The empowerment of Taiping Lake community participation presents a spiral decline process. The perceptions of "sense of power" are significantly different due to the relative location, the degree of participation in tourism, personal ability and other factors, and the community is divided. Finally, this paper explores the roots of disempowerment of Taiping Lake community in terms of the institution, government and community.

Key words: community disempowerment, community participation, lake-type tourism destination, Anhui Taiping Lake