JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2020, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (7): 1570-1585.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20200705

• Special Forum of "Tourism Resources and National Strategy" • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Establishment and application of "culture-tourism" synergies assessment model of rural cultural memory resources: A case study of Jinting town in Suzhou

LYU Long1, HUANG Zhen-fang2, LI Dong-ye2   

  1. 1. School of Geographical and Biologic Information, Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Nanjing 210023, China;
    2. School of Geographic Science, Nanjing Normal University, Research Center for the Revitalization of Rural Culture, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2019-12-24 Revised:2020-05-08 Online:2020-07-28 Published:2020-07-28

Abstract: Rural cultural revitalization is an important part of the strategy of rural revitalization in the New Era. Rural cultural memory resources are the key point of "culture-tourism" synergies in rural tourism destinations. Based on cultural memory theory, we define the concepts of rural cultural memory resources, and construct a "culture-tourism" synergies evaluation model. The "culture-tourism" synergies of rural cultural memory resources involve the comprehensive coordination of cultural information layer, material carrier layer and social behavior layer, so as to construct a three-dimensional evaluation model of "culture-tourism" coordination, cultural memory continuity and tourism market recognition. Taking Jinting town in Suzhou as a typical example, this study evaluates its "culture-tourism" synergies and discusses its spatiotemporal characteristics and influencing mechanism. The results show that: (1) In different stages of tourism development in the study area, the dependence on the construction of scenic spots and the spaces of life and production has been continuously enhanced, the dependence on the functional symbol spaces has been weakened, and the relationship with the social representation spaces and the spiritual consciousness spaces has been reduced, but the level of coupling coordination has been maintained. (2) The "culture-tourism" synergies of rural cultural memory resources show that half of the area of life and production spaces reaches a medium and high level of coupling coordination, presenting a pole-core & zonal pattern. With the other three types of space, one third of them has reached the level of medium and high coupling coordination, showing a pattern of one core and multiple poles. (3) The synergies between the rural cultural memory resources and scenic spots are as follows: the living and production space is dominated by "culture-tourism" spatial coordination, cultural memory continuity, and gradually turns to tourism market recognition as the dominant form, and other types of space are always dominated by "culture-tourism" spatial coordination. These synergies are influenced by the multiple driving mechanisms as memory continuity and cultural integration, spatial optimization and tourism integration, and social support and policy guarantee. The research results provide theoretical guidance and application model for the cultural revitalization and "culture-tourism" integration of rural tourism destinations.

Key words: rural tourism destination, Jinting town, rural cultural memory resources, "culture-tourism" synergies assessment model