JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2020, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (4): 814-825.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20200406

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Optimization of ecological security pattern in the source area of Fenhe River Basin based on ecosystem services

HE Juan, SHI Xue-yi, FU Yang-jun   

  1. School of Land Science and Technology, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2019-04-18 Online:2020-04-28 Published:2020-04-28

Abstract: The optimization of the ecological security pattern is an important spatial way to ensure regional ecological security, maintain ecosystem stability and enhance ecosystem service. Taking the source area of Fenhe River Basin as an example, this paper quantitatively evaluated ecosystem services including water production, habitat quality and soil conservation, and used hot spot analysis to identify important ecological sources. Considering the complex mechanism of rivers in ecosystems, this paper established two ecological security patterns, and on this basis, put forward a comprehensive ecological security pattern. The results showed that there were 19 ecological sources in the source area of Fenhe River Basin, accounting for 16.59% of the total study area. Three ecological security patterns established 33, 42 and 43 potential ecological corridors respectively. The network structure evaluation results showed that three patterns could generate a closed ecological network. The total length of the optimized ecological corridor is 565.957 km, and comprehensive ecological security pattern had higher network closure, node connection rate and network connectivity, and the cost was relatively low. In addition, 35 ecological breakpoints were identified, and key areas for ecological protection and restoration construction were determined. This pattern can provide spatial guidance for regional ecological protection and restoration planning.

Key words: hotspot analysis, ecological security pattern, ecosystem services, the source area of Fenhe River Basin, ecological corridor