JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2020, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (3): 683-697.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20200314

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Spatial distribution characteristics and influencing factors of leisure tourism resources in Chengdu

LI Li1,2, HOU Guo-lin1,2, XIA Si-you1,2, HUANG Zhen-fang1,2   

  1. 1. School of Geographical Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China;
    2. Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2018-12-16 Revised:2019-04-17 Online:2020-03-28 Published:2020-03-28
  • Supported by:
    ; 致谢:滴滴订单数据来自滴滴出行“盖亚”数据开放计划。

Abstract: Leisure tourism will be the future trend of tourism consumption, and leisure tourism resources are the carrier and foundation for the development of leisure tourism industry. Based on the POI data of Chengdu's leisure tourism resources, this paper aimed to analyze the spatial pattern and its influencing factors of leisure tourism resources in the city. We explored and analyzed the spatial distribution of leisure tourism resources using methods including Nearest Neighbor Hierarchical Clustering Analysis, Ripley's K function and Geographic Detector. The results show that: (1) The distribution pattern of Chengdu's leisure tourism resources is featured by central agglomeration and peripheral dispersion. The recreational, cultural, special and natural leisure tourism resources show the layout characteristics based on traditional business districts, cultural centers, green parks and natural attractions respectively. (2) There are different types of leisure tourism resources in terms of spatial scale. The largest spatial scale presents recreational and entertainment features, followed by special and cultural features, and the smallest one exhibits natural features. (3) Distance from the city center, tourist density, street vitality, resident density, resource endowment, road density, etc. are important factors influencing the spatial distribution of leisure tourism resources in the study area. (4) Among the influencing factors, the distance from the city center and the density of tourists and residents are the dominant factors; resource endowment and street vitality are the driving factors; road density, distance from main road and regional economic level are the predisposing factors; government behaviors and major events are the adjustment factors, and all these four factors form the spatial distribution pattern of leisure tourism resources in Chengdu.

Key words: spatial characteristics, influencing factors, Chengdu, leisure tourism resources