JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2020, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (3): 576-585.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20200306

• Special Forum of "Ecological Restoration of Territorial Space" • Previous Articles     Next Articles

A review on ecological risk assessment of land use

WANG Jie1,2, BAI Wan-qi2, TIAN Guo-hang1   

  1. 1. College of Forestry, Henan Agriculture University, Zhengzhou 450002, China;
    2. Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2019-06-05 Revised:2019-12-09 Online:2020-03-28 Published:2020-03-28

Abstract: Ecological risk assessment is the foundation of prevention and control of ecological risks. Its development has experienced a process from environmental impact assessment to environmental risk assessment and then to ecological risk assessment gradually. With the further research on global change and ecological risk, more and more attention has been paid to the ecosystem risk caused by the change of land use. Therefore, ecological risk assessment of land use is also an important part of ecological risk research, which is the assessment of the possible adverse effects of the ecosystem under the direct or indirect impacts of land use. Through reviewing the existing researches, in this paper we summarize the progresses in methodology of ecological risk assessment of land use from three aspects: assessment model, spatial expression of ecological risk and uncertainty analysis. And we also expound the status and function of land use ecological risk management in land use ecological risk assessment. There exist three main problems in this field: (1) The evaluation index and standard of ecological risk assessment of land use are not unified; (2) There is great uncertainty with evaluation process and relevant result; (3) The research on ecological risk management is rather limited. The future trends of the study in this field include: (1) More attention should be paid to the ecological risk of land use under the background of global change, which needs to be more integrated with other fields of research and deal with the effect of ecological environment on global change; (2) The role of land use ecological risk assessment in land space planning and ecological restoration should be emphasized, which will give us a deep understanding of the current condition of the ecosystem and in an effort to maintain the sustainable development of the ecological environment; (3) The study of ecological risk management of land use is supposed to be strengthened, especially the link between risk management and assessment; (4) Ecological risk assessment and data management platform ought to be established and improved. It will standardize the risk index system, evaluation method and data acquisition, and reduce the uncertainty in the evaluation process effectively. What's more, our essay will enrich the theoretical system and provide related reference materials in this field.

Key words: ecological risk assessment, ecological risk management, research advance, land use