JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2019, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (6): 1259-1272.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20190611

• Resource Evaluation • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Evaluation of ecological civilization construction performance and its international comparison from the perspective of overall well-being

Liang-jun LONG1,2()   

  1. 1. Institute for Contemporary China Studies, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
    2. School of Public Policy & Management, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;
  • Received:2018-11-18 Revised:2019-03-26 Online:2019-06-20 Published:2019-06-20


This study, based on a strong sustainability paradigm guided by ecological economics and sustainable development theory, aims at measuring the ecological civilization construction performance of China during 2006-2015 by means of two-stage network Super-EBM model from the perspective of overall well-being, and then an international comparison among 42 countries in 2014 is conducted accordingly. The employment of two-stage network DEA model is to open the "black box" during the ecological well-being transformation process. Thus, the ecological civilization construction performance is divided into two parts, namely ecological economy efficiency and economy well-being efficiency. The empirical results indicate that: (1) The overall efficiency of China during 2006-2015 is 0.986, which is at a relatively low level, and no single one of the ten DMUs performs efficiently in terms of the DEA efficiency value, while the overall efficiency is getting better during the 12th Five-Year Plan period (2011-2015). At the global level, Switzerland (1.647), Indonesia (1.365) and Ireland (1.039) ranked top three in terms of overall efficiency among 42 countries in 2014, while China (0.297) ranked the last but one with a very low efficiency. In addition, there are great differences between countries, showing a trend characterized by "OECD countries (0.677) rank top, G20 countries (0.611) rank second and BRICS countries (0.417) the last". (2) According to the efficiency of each stage, the ecological economy efficiency in the first stage is apparently lower than the economy well-being efficiency in the second stage, and the relatively low ecological economy efficiency mainly contributes to the low performance of ecological civilization construction at the whole level. (3) The two-stage network Super-EBM model with the consideration of both radial and slacks issues can provide more accurate and near-factual result when compared to the traditional DEA models. Besides, the network Super-EBM model enjoys a good reference on efficiency or performance assessment in other similar fields that involve two or more stages. Finally, some specific suggestions are proposed in accordance with the aforementioned conclusions.

Key words: strong sustainability, ecological well-being, ecological civilization construction performance, network Super-EBM model, international comparison