JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2019, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (5): 1041-1053.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20190511

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Spatial-temporal changes and regional differences of the sand-fixing service in the Beijing-Tianjin sandstorm source region

Biao ZHANG1(), Qing-xu LI1,2, Shuang WANG1,2, Gao-di XIE1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2018-10-23 Revised:2019-03-12 Online:2019-05-28 Published:2019-05-28

Abstract:

Wind erosion is an important soil degradation process that takes place in arid and semiarid environments, and the sand-fixing service has been used as one of the key indicators of the ecological restoration effects in the Beijing-Tianjin sandstorm source region. Over the past few decades, some studies have focused on the sand-fixing service at local areas in the Beijing-Tianjin sandstorm source region, but few researchers explored the entire changes and regional differences of sand-fixing service. The inadequate information on the sand-fixing service heterogeneity has hindered the implementation of the diversified measures for land management. This paper investigated the dynamic changes and regional differences of the sand-fixing service in the Beijing-Tianjin sandstorm source region from 2000 to 2015 through multi-period RS data and GIS spatial statistical technologies. The annual amount of fixed sand and average amount of fixed sand per hectare of land served as two indicators for the changes and differences of sand-fixing service. The results indicated that, the annual amount of fixed sand nearly reached 2.90 billion tons in the study region, the average capacity of sand-fixing was 68.24 t/hm2, and the two indexes annually increased by 1.10% and 0.71%, respectively. The average sand-fixing ability in the northwest of sandstorm source region has a significantly higher level than the southeast part. Approximately 49.06% of the Beijing-Tianjin sandstorm source region generated the sand-fixing capacity higher than 70 t/hm2, and nearly 54% presented an obvious increase in the sand-fixing ability from 2000 to 2015. The Hunshadake sand subzone, the typical grassland subzone and the desert grassland subzone provided 88% of the total amount of fixed sand in the sandstorm source region, whereas the sand-fixing ability in the Jinbei mountain-hill subzone and the Yanshan mountain-hill-water source protection subzone showed higher annual increase rates. In addition, the accumulated amount of fixed sand in Xilin Gol, Chifeng and Ulanqab exceeded 77% of the total amount of sand-fixing service, however, those regions with higher sand-fixing ability are mainly located in Shuozhou and Baotou, and the lands in Beijing and Tianjin showed higher increase rates in sand-fixing abilities. Therefore, we should take differential strategies in different sand-fixing service restoration zones, and pay more attention to the improvement of sand-fixing service in the western and northern parts of the Beijing-Tianjin sandstorm source region.

Key words: sand-fixing service, revised wind erosion equation, spatial-temporal change, regional difference, Beijing-Tianjin sandstorm source control region